Implications of Liberalization of Trade on Economic Welfare of Producers and Consumers of Basmati Rice
AbstractThis paper examines the welfare effects of trade liberalization on Basmati rice within Pakistan’s economy. Welfare gains (or losses) in terms of consumer and producer were estimated for the pre- and post-WTO periods. Welfare gains associated with the then existing protection policies were compared with those when these policies were removed, if trade were fully liberalized for both periods. The analysis reveals that there has been a significant difference between domestic and foreign prices, suggesting tax on producers of Basmati rice in both pre- and post-WTO periods. However, the quantum of difference was comparatively less during the post-WTO period. Welfare analysis estimated higher losses for producers compared to gains to the consumers during both pre- and post-WTO periods. However, losses in the producers’ surplus were comparatively less during the post-WTO period, suggesting that certain measures were adopted by government in line with the WTO regime. Similarly simulation results demonstrate greater gains to producers than losses to consumers in the case of world market being liberalized. It is recommended that government needs to curtail tariff related interventions and, besides improving the pace of trade liberalization at domestic level, it should pursue WTO’s negotiations for early implementation of WTO’s trade liberalization on the international level.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya in its journal International Journal of Institutions and Economies.
Volume (Year): 4 (2012)
Issue (Month): 1 (April)
agriculture in trade liberalization; agricultural policy; Basmati rice; government policy;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
- Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
- Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- S. Illeris & G. Akehurst, 2002. "Introduction," The Service Industries Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(1), pages 1-3, January.
- Bouet, Antoine, 2006. "How much will trade liberalization help the poor?: comparing global trade models," Research briefs 5, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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