Economies of scale and endogenous market structures in international grain trade
AbstractThe paper develops a two-stage duopoly model in which market structure is endogenous, as it is the outcome of the first stage of the game. The model considers a private firm and a State Trading Enterprise (STE) competing on a foreign market; the most important difference between the private firm and the STE is that while the STE makes use of external agents to export, the private firm may choose to vertically integrate downstream when transaction costs are large enough with respect to fixed costs. The game is solved for different modes of competition and under different assumptions regarding both homogenous and differentiated products. The results show that external shocks on export markets affecting the relative values of transaction and fixed costs may result in a change in market structures. The degree of product differentiation and the assumed mode of competition significantly affect the relative values of transaction and fixed costs at which the market sructure changes.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Macerata University, Department of Studies on Economic Development (DiSSE) in its series Working Papers with number 04-2007.
Date of creation: Mar 2007
Date of revision: Feb 2009
Publication status: Published in Agricultural Economics 37 (2007) 277-291
Multinational firm; international grain trade; State Trading Enterprises;
Other versions of this item:
- Scoppola, Margherita, 2006. "Economies of Scale and Endogenous Market Structures in International Grain Trade," 2006 Annual Meeting, August 12-18, 2006, Queensland, Australia 25322, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
- O1 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
- O11 - Economic Development, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-11-11 (All new papers)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Nathalie Lavoie, 2005. "Price Discrimination in the Context of Vertical Differentiation: An Application to Canadian Wheat Exports," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 87(4), pages 835-854.
- Colin A. Carter & R.M.A. Loyns & Derek Berwald, 1998. "Domestic Costs of Statutory Marketing Authorities: The Case of the Canadian Wheat Board," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 80(2), pages 313-324.
- Carter, Colin A. & Wilson, William W., 1997. "Emerging differences in state grain trading: Australia and Canada," Agricultural Economics, Blackwell, vol. 16(2), pages 87-98, May.
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