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Changes in Postsecondary Choices by Ability and Income: Evidence from the National Longitudinal Surveys of Youth

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  • Michael F. Lovenheim
  • C. Lockwood Reynolds

Abstract

We characterize changes over time in the choices high school graduates make concerning 2-year attendance, 4-year attendance, and college nonattendance across the joint income and ability distribution. We find that college nonattendance decreased substantially between cohorts for both men and women and that these declines were larger for higher-ability students. On the 2-year/4-year margin, there is evidence of growing ability constraints among women. Furthermore, income has become more important among higher-ability men, and increases in 2-year attendance among high-ability but low-income men come at the expense of 4-year college enrollment. State-level college costs explain little of the changes we document.

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File URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/pdfplus/10.1086/660123
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File URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/full/10.1086/660123
Download Restriction: Access to the online full text or PDF requires a subscription.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Journal of Human Capital.

Volume (Year): 5 (2011)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 70 - 109

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Handle: RePEc:ucp:jhucap:doi:10.1086/660123

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Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/JHC/

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Cited by:
  1. Lance Lochner & Alexander Monge-Naranjo, 2011. "Credit Constraints in Education," NBER Working Papers 17435, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Bruce, Donald J. & Carruthers, Celeste K., 2014. "Jackpot? The impact of lottery scholarships on enrollment in Tennessee," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 30-44.
  3. Michael F. Lovenheim & C. Lockwood Reynolds, 2013. "The Effect of Housing Wealth on College Choice: Evidence from the Housing Boom," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 48(1), pages 1-35.
  4. Rodney Andrews & Jing Li & Michael Lovenheim, 2014. "Heterogeneous Paths Through College: Detailed Patterns and Relationships with Graduation and Earnings," NBER Working Papers 19935, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Michael F. Lovenheim & Emily G. Owens, 2013. "Does Federal Financial Aid Affect College Enrollment? Evidence from Drug Offenders and the Higher Education Act of 1998," NBER Working Papers 18749, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Johnson, Eric & Reynolds, C. Lockwood, 2013. "The effect of household hospitalizations on the educational attainment of youth," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 165-182.
  7. Gonzalo Castex & Evgenia Dechter, 2013. "The Changing Roles of Education and Ability in Wage Determination," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 704, Central Bank of Chile.
  8. Robert B. Archibald & David H. Feldman & Peter McHenry, 2014. "A Quality-Preserving Increase in Four-Year College Attendance: Evidence from NLS-72 and ELS:2002," Working Papers 147, Department of Economics, College of William and Mary.

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