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How Effective are Trade Barriers? An Empirical Analysis of Trade Reduction, Diversion, and Compression

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Author Info

  • Jon D. Haveman

    (Public Policy Institute of California)

  • Usha Nair-Reichert

    (Georgia Institute of Technology)

  • Jerry G. Thursby

    (Emory University)

Abstract

We analyze the effects of trade barriers using highly disaggregated data. The level of disaggregation allows us to separate the effects of tariffs and nontariff barriers (NTBs) into reduction, diversion, and compression effects. We find that multilateral tariffs significantly reduce trade flows and that trade preferences have a significant diverting effect. We also find that higher multilateral tariffs tend to shift trade towards larger exporters, suggesting that the desire to minimize fixed costs associated with trading dominates any preference for variety. In the case of NTBs, we find that, as often as not, the imposition of an NTB leads to an increase in the value of trade; in industries with low import demand elasticities, the influence of rising prices outweighs the decline in quantity. © 2003 President and Fellows of Harvard College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by MIT Press in its journal Review of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): 85 (2003)
Issue (Month): 2 (May)
Pages: 480-485

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Handle: RePEc:tpr:restat:v:85:y:2003:i:2:p:480-485

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Web page: http://mitpress.mit.edu/journals/

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Cited by:
  1. Lionel Fontagné & Thierry Mayer & Soledad Zignago, 2004. "Trade in the Triad: How Easy is the Access to Large Markets?," Working Papers 2004-04, CEPII research center.
  2. Ines Buono & Guy Lalanne, 2010. "The effect of the Uruguay Round on the intensive and extensive margins of trade," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 743, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  3. Maria Bas & Ivan Ledezma, 2007. "Trade integration in manufacturing: the Chilean experience," PSE Working Papers halshs-00587677, HAL.
  4. Li, Yuan & Beghin, John C., 2010. "A Meta-Analysis of Estimates of the Impact of Technical Barriers to Trade," Staff General Research Papers 31968, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  5. Haveman, Jon D. & Shatz, Howard J., 2003. "Developed Country Trade Barriers and the Least Developed Countries: The Economic Results of Freeing Trade," Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  6. Lionel Fontagne & Soledad Zignago, 2007. "A Re-evaluation of the Impact of Regional Agreements on Trade Patterns," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 109, pages 31-51.
  7. Jugurnath, Bhavish & Stewart, Mark & Brooks, Robert, 2007. "Asia/Pacific Regional Trade Agreements: An empirical study," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(6), pages 974-987, December.
  8. de Sousa, José & Mayer, Thierry & Zignago, Soledad, 2012. "Market access in global and regional trade," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(6), pages 1037-1052.
  9. Van Marrewijk, Charles & Berden, Koen G., 2007. "On the static and dynamic costs of trade restrictions for small developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(1), pages 46-60, September.

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