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Urbanisation, Inégalités Urbaines Et Développement En Turquie (1950-2000)

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  • Maurice CATIN

    ()
    (LEAD, Université du Sud Toulon-Var)

  • Abdelhak KAMAL

    (Instance Nationale d’Evaluation, Rabat, Maroc et LEAD, Université du Sud Toulon-Var)

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    Abstract

    The development of urbanization and a high population growth rate in large cities are a major feature of Turkey between 1950 and 2000. The degree of urban primacy - whether we consider the share of the largest city or of the two largest cities, Istanbul and Ankara - in the national urban population, follow a bell-shaped curve along with economic development: a gradual rise between 1960 and 1980, followed by a slow decline. These two major stages which identify the urban structure can be particularly explained by the combination of two factors: the industrialization which has promoted the growth of non-agricultural employment and the rural exodus, and the transition since 1980 from Import-Substituting Industrialization policies to economic openness and export promotion strategies.

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    File URL: http://region-developpement.univ-tln.fr/fr/pdf/R34/8-CatinKamal.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var in its journal Region et Developpement.

    Volume (Year): 34 (2011)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages: 141-162

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    Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:34:y:2011:p:141-162

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    Related research

    Keywords: URBANISATION; PRIMATIE URBAINE; ÉTAPES DE DÉVELOPPEMENT; TURQUIE;

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    1. Ronald L. Moomaw & Mohammed A. Alwosabi, 2004. "An empirical analysis of competing explanations of urban primacy evidence from Asia and the Americas," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 38(1), pages 149-171, 03.
    2. Michel DIMOU & Alexandra SCHAFFAR, 2007. "Évolution Des Hiérarchies Urbaines Et Loi De Zipf : Le Cas Des Balkans," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 25, pages 65-86.
    3. Davis, James C. & Henderson, J. Vernon, 2003. "Evidence on the political economy of the urbanization process," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 98-125, January.
    4. Xavier Gabaix, 1999. "Zipf'S Law For Cities: An Explanation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 114(3), pages 739-767, August.
    5. Gabaix, Xavier & Ioannides, Yannis M., 2004. "The evolution of city size distributions," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, in: J. V. Henderson & J. F. Thisse (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 53, pages 2341-2378 Elsevier.
    6. Xavier Gabaix & Rustam Ibragimov, 2007. "Rank-1/2: A Simple Way to Improve the OLS Estimation of Tail Exponents," NBER Technical Working Papers 0342, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Alberto F. Ades & Edward L. Glaeser, 1994. "Trade and Circuses: Explaining Urban Giants," NBER Working Papers 4715, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Ayse Gedik, 2003. "Differential Urbanization in Turkey: 1955-2000," ERSA conference papers ersa03p335, European Regional Science Association.
    9. Parr, John B., 1985. "A note on the size distribution of cities over time," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 199-212, September.
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