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Local Expressions of Subjective Well-being: The New Zealand Experience

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  • Philip Morrison
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    Abstract

    Morrison P. S. Local expressions of subjective well-being: the New Zealand experience, Regional Studies. Students of regional science have been preoccupied with economic drivers while at the same time implicitly assuming that increasing urban size and density raises local well-being. However, the geography of happiness may not mirror the geography of growth. Rather, there is a localization to the paradox of affluence mainly because raising population density in order to realize agglomeration economies can lower subjective well-being. This paper offers empirical support for this proposition by estimating city fixed-effects for three separate measures of subjective well-being while controlling for the characteristics of individuals as well as their perceptions of accessibility and social capital. [image omitted] Morrison P. S. Des temoignages locaux du bien-etre subjectif: l'experience neo-zelandaise, Regional Studies. Les etudiants de la science regionale ont ete preoccupes par des forces motrices economiques en supposant implicitement et simultanement qu'une augmentation de la taille et de la densite urbaines ameliore le bien-etre local. Cependant, il se peut que la geographie du bonheur ne se reflete pas dans la geographie de la croissance. Il existe plutot une localisation du paradoxe de l'abondance, essentiellement parce que l'augmentation de la densite de la population dans le but de realiser des economies d'agglomeration peut finir par une baisse du bien-etre subjectif. Cet article cherche a fournir du soutien empirique en faveur de cette affirmation en estimant des effets fixes relatifs aux grandes villes employant trois mesures distinctes du bien-etre subjectif, tout en tenant compte des caracteristiques des individus ainsi que de leurs perceptions de l'accessibilite et du capital social. Bien-etre subjectif Bonheur Satisfaction Qualite de la vie Grandes villes Nouvelle-Zelande Morrison P. S. Lokale Ausdrucksformen von subjektivem Wohlbefinden: die Erfahrung von Neuseeland, Regional Studies. Beim Studium der Regionalwissenschaft wird vor allem auf wirtschaftliche Faktoren geachtet, wahrend zugleich implizit angenommen wird, dass sich durch eine Steigerung der Stadtgrosse und -dichte das Wohlbefinden der Menschen vor Ort erhoht. Die Geografie des Glucks ist jedoch nicht unbedingt ein Abbild der Geografie des Wachstums. Vielmehr liegt eine Lokalisierung des Wohlstandsparadoxons vor, insbesondere weil eine Erhohung der Bevolkerungsdichte mit dem Ziel der Verwirklichung von Agglomerationswirtschaften zu einer Verringerung des subjektiven Wohlbefindens fuhren kann. Dieser Beitrag bietet empirische Belege fur diese These in Form einer Schatzung der stadtischen Fixeffekte auf drei separate Massstabe des subjektiven Wohlbefindens unter Berucksichtigung der Merkmale der Personen sowie ihrer Einschatzung hinsichtlich der Erreichbarkeit und des Sozialkapitals. Subjektives Wohlbefinden Gluck Zufriedenheit Lebensqualitat Stadte Neuseeland Morrison P. S. Expresiones locales del bienestar subjetivo: la experiencia de Nueva Zelanda, Regional Studies. En los estudios de ciencia regional se presta atencion a los impulsores economicos mientras que, al mismo tiempo, se supone implicitamente que al aumentar el tamano y la densidad de las ciudades mejora el bienestar a nivel local. Sin embargo, la geografia de la felicidad no necesariamente refleja la geografia del crecimiento. Mas bien existe una localizacion de la paradoja de la riqueza sobre todo porque al aumentar la densidad de la poblacion para desarrollar las economias de aglomeracion puede disminuir el bienestar subjetivo. En este articulo ofrecemos un apoyo empirico a esta proposicion calculando los efectos fijos metropolitanos para tres mediciones por separado del bienestar subjetivo, controlando a la vez las caracteristicas de los individuos asi como sus percepciones de accesibilidad y capital social. Bienestar subjetivo Felicidad Satisfaccion Calidad de vida Ciudades Nueva Zelanda

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 45 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 8 ()
    Pages: 1039-1058

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:8:p:1039-1058

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    Keywords: Subjective well-being; Happiness; Satisfaction; Quality of life; Cities; New Zealand;

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