Labour Productivity in Auckland Firms
AbstractThis paper examines labour productivity in Auckland, New Zealand's largest city, using microdata from Statistics New Zealand's Prototype Longitudinal Business Database. It documents a sizeable productivity premium in Auckland, around half of which is due to industry composition. There is a cross sectional correlation between productivity and employment density, reflecting differences in both physical productivity and prices. This correlation is evident both within Auckland, and comparing Auckland with other areas. The relationship between changes in density and changes in productivity is less strong. The relationship between productivity and overall or own-industry employment density varies across industries, suggesting that the nature and extent of agglomeration benefits varies. Overall, localisation effects appear stronger than urbanisation, with productivity being more strongly related to own-industry density than to overall density.
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Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by Motu Economic and Public Policy Research in its series Working Papers with number 08_12.
Length: 67 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2008
Date of revision:
Labour productivity; Urban premium; Agglomeration;
Other versions of this item:
- L25 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Performance
- R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
- R3 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2008-10-07 (All new papers)
- NEP-EFF-2008-10-07 (Efficiency & Productivity)
- NEP-GEO-2008-10-07 (Economic Geography)
- NEP-LAB-2008-10-07 (Labour Economics)
- NEP-URE-2008-10-07 (Urban & Real Estate Economics)
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