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Innovation and cooperation in the small firm sector: Evidence from 'Northern Britain'

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  • Mark Freel
  • Richard Harrison
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    Abstract

    Freel M. S. and Harrison R. T. (2006) Innovation and cooperation in the small firm sector: evidence from 'Northern Britain', Regional Studies 40, 289-305. Over the last 20 years, network-based models of innovation-led economic development have grown increasingly popular to both the polity and the academy. In contrast to earlier linear conceptions, innovation is viewed as a systemic phenomenon in which interactive learning and cooperative entrepreneurship are fundamental. The way that systems and, in turn, networks are usually defined is by the volume and characteristics of the linkages that bind them together. Accordingly, drawing upon a recent survey of small firms in Scotland and Northern England (1347 responses), the paper is concerned with mapping the extent of small firm innovation-related networking and understanding the unique contribution such networks make to the successful introduction of new products and processes. Importantly, it investigated the impact of networking on innovation in both manufacturing and services. To this end, the paper notes the positive associations between product innovation success and cooperation with customers and the public sector, and between process innovation success and cooperation with suppliers and universities. It also notes, with caution, the high volume of 'successful' innovators that did not cooperate to innovate. Freel M. S. et Harrison R. T. (2006) L'innovation et la cooperation des petites entreprises: etude de cas du 'nord de la Grande-Bretagne', Regional Studies 40, 289-305. Pendant les vingt dernieres annees, des modeles du developpement economique pilote par l'innovation fondes sur la notion de reseaux sont devenus de plus en plus reconnus dans les milieux politique et academique. Par contraste avec des conceptions anterieures lineaires, on considere l'innovation comme un phenomene systemique dont les notions d'apprentissage interactif et d'esprit d'entreprise cooperatif sont fondamentales. La facon dont on definit d'habitude les systemes et, a leur tour, les reseaux est en fonction du volume et des caracteristiques des liens qui les unissent. Par la suite, puisant dans une enquete recente aupres des petites entreprises situees en Ecosse et dans le nord d'Angleterre (dont 1347 reponses), cet article cherche a esquisser l'importance de la constitution de reseaux d'innovation par les petites entreprises et a comprendre la contribution unique de tels reseaux a l'introduction reussie des produits et des procedes nouveaux. D'une maniere importante, on peut examiner l'impact de la constitution de reseaux sur l'innovation dans l'industrie et les services. A cette fin, l'article note les liens positifs entre la reussite de l'innovation de produits et la cooperation avec la clientele et le secteur public, et entre la reussite de l'innovation des procedes et la cooperation avec les fournisseurs et les universites. On note aussi, avec prudence, le nombre eleve d'innovateurs 'reussis' qui n'ont pas coopere pour innover. Innovation, Petites entreprises, Cooperation, Industrie, Services. Freel M. S. und Harrison R. T. (2006) Innovation und Zusammenarbeit im Kleinfirmensektor: Beweise aus 'Nordbritannien', Regional Studies 40, 289-305. Wahrend der letzten zwanzig Jahre haben Netzwerk gestutzte Modelle der Wirtschaftsentwicklung, bei denen Innovation eine fuhrende Rolle spielte, bei Politikern bei auch wie Akademikern an Beliebtheit zugenommen. Im Gegensatz zu fruheren, linearen Auffassungen wird Innovation als eine systemische Erscheinung angesehen, in der interaktives Lernen und eine zusammenarbeitende Unternehmerschaft von grundlegender Bedeutung ist. Systeme und ihnen entsprechende Netzwerke werden gewohnlich nach Volumen und Eigenschaften, die sie miteinander verbinden, definiert. Folglich beschaftigt sich dieser Aufsatz, der sich auf eine vor kurzem vorgelegte Ubersicht kleiner Firmen in Schottland und Nordengland bezieht, (welche 1347 Erwiderungen einbrachte) mit der Kartierung des Ausmasses des innovationsbezogenen Rechnungsverbundes, kleiner Firmen und der Wurdigung des einzigartigen Beitrags, die solche Netzwerke fur die erfolgreiche Einfuhrung neuer Produkte und Vorgange leisten. Es ist von Bedeutung, dass man imstande ist, die Auswirkung der Netzwerke auf Innovation bei der Herstellung wie bei Dienstleistungen zu untersuchen. Zu diesem Zweck stellt der Aufsatz die positiven Verbindungen zwischen Erfolg der Produktionsinnovation und Zusammenarbeit mit Kunden und dem offentlichen Sektor heraus, zwischen Erfolg der Prozessinnovation und Zusammenarbeit von Zulieferern und Universitaten. Die Autoren vermerken auch, mit Vorsicht, den Umfang 'erfolgreicher' Innovatoren, die Zusammenarbeit zwecks Innovation ablehnten. Innovation, Kleine Firmen, Zusammenarbeit bei der Herstellung, Dienstleistungen. Freel M. S. y Harrison R. T. (2006) Innovacion y cooperacion en el sector de pequenas empresas: Los indicios de Gran Bretana del Norte, Regional Studies 40, 289-305. En los ultimos veinte anos, los modelos basados en redes del desarrollo economico dirigido por la innovacion han conseguido cada vez mayor popularidad tanto para sistemas de gobierno como academicos. En comparacion con previas concepciones lineares, la innovacion se considera un fenomeno sistemico en el que el aprendizaje interactivo y una cultura empresarial cooperativa tienen una importancia fundamental. El modo en que normalmente se definen los sistemas y, a su vez, las redes es a traves del volumen y las caracteristicas de los enlaces que las unen. En consecuencia, basandonos en un reciente estudio sobre pequenas empresas en Escocia y el norte de Inglaterra (1347 respuestas), en este articulo representamos la extension de las redes dirigidas a la innovacion de las pequenas empresas y tratamos de entender como contribuyen exclusivamente estas redes a la hora de introducir con exito nuevos productos y procesos. Y los mas importante es que podemos investigar el impacto de las redes en la innovacion tanto en fabricacion como en servicios. Para este fin, hemos notado que existe una asociacion positiva entre el exito de la innovacion de productos y la cooperacion con clientes y el sector publico, y entre el exito de innovacion de los procesos y la cooperacion con proveedores y universidades. Asimismo senalamos, con precaucion, la gran cantidad de innovadores fructiferos que no participaron en la innovacion. Innovacion, Pequenas empresas, Cooperacion, Fabricacion, Servicios.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 40 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 289-305

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:40:y:2006:i:4:p:289-305

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    Keywords: Innovation; Small firms; Cooperation; Manufacturing; Services;

    References

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    Cited by:
    1. Stephen Roper & Spyros Arvanitis, 2009. "From Knowledge to Added Value: A Comparative, Panel-data Analysis of the Innovation Value Chain in Irish and Swiss Manufacturing Firms," KOF Working papers 09-244, KOF Swiss Economic Institute, ETH Zurich.
    2. Rachel Bocquet & Caroline Mothe, 2010. "Knowledge governance within clusters: the case of small firms," Post-Print hal-00920052, HAL.
    3. Eom, Boo-Young & Lee, Keun, 2010. "Determinants of industry-academy linkages and, their impact on firm performance: The case of Korea as a latecomer in knowledge industrialization," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(5), pages 625-639, June.
    4. Tomlinson, Philip R., 2010. "Co-operative ties and innovation: Some new evidence for UK manufacturing," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(6), pages 762-775, July.
    5. Lee, Neil & Rodríguez-Pose, Andrés, 2013. "Creativity, cities and innovation," MPRA Paper 48758, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Hervas-Oliver, Jose-Luis & Sempere-Ripoll, Francisca & Boronat-Moll, Carles, 2012. "Process innovation objectives and management complementarities: patterns, drivers, co-adoption and performance effects," MERIT Working Papers 051, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    7. Tomlinson, Philip R. & Fai, Felicia M., 2013. "The nature of SME co-operation and innovation: A multi-scalar and multi-dimensional analysis," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 141(1), pages 316-326.
    8. Martin Wrobel, 2009. "Das Konzept regionaler Cluster: zwischen Schein und Sein?," Jahrbuch für Regionalwissenschaft, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 85-103, February.
    9. Casanueva, Cristóbal & Castro, Ignacio & Galán, José L., 2013. "Informational networks and innovation in mature industrial clusters," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 66(5), pages 603-613.

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