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Systems of Innovation in Traditional Industrial Regions: The Case of Styria in a Comparative Perspective


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  • Alexander Kaufmann
  • Franz Todtling


KAUFMANN A. and TODTLING F. (2000) Systems of innovation in traditional industrial regions: the case of Styria in a comparative perspective, Reg. Studies 34, 29-40. Concepts of innovation have changed considerably in the past years, the focus shifting from a company perspective to regional and national systems of innovation. In this paper the authors investigate to what extent an innovation system can also be observed in an old industrial region like Styria in Austria, a region undergoing considerable restructuring in the past years. The results for Styria are compared with those for other old industrial regions such as Wales, the Tampere region and the Basque country. The findings show that firms rely only partly on innovation partners within the region; to a considerable extent they are integrated in national and European networks. KAUFMANN A. et TODTLING F. (2000) Les reseaux d'innovation dans les regions industrielles traditonnelles: etude de cas comparative de la Styrie, Reg. Studies 34, 29-40. Au cours des dernieres annees la notion d'innovation a beaucoup change, le point de mire etant plutot les reseaux regionaux et nationaux d'innovation que l'entreprise. Cet article cherche a etudier dans quelle mesure un reseau d'innovation peut se manifester dans une region industrielle traditonnelle comme la Styrie en Autriche, une region en voie de restructuration dans les annees recentes. Les resultats pour la Styrie se voient comparer a ceux qui proviennent des regions industrielles traditionnelles, comme le Pays de Galles, la region de Tampere et le pays Basque. Les resultats laissent supposer que les entreprises ne comptent qu'en partie sur le partenariat pour assurer l'innovation; dans une large mesure elles s'integrent dans des reseaux nationaux et europeens. KAUFMANN A. und TODTLING F. (2000) Innovationssysteme in alten Industriegebieten: das Beispiel der Steiermark in einer vergleichenden Perspektive, Reg. Studies 34, 29-40. Die Konzepte der Innovation haben sich in den vergangenen Jahren stark verandert. Ihr Fokus hat sich von einer Unternehmensperspektive hin zu regionalen und nationalen Innovationssystemen verschoben. In dem vorliegenden Artikel untersuchen die Autoren am Beispiel der Steiermark, einer Region, die sich in der Umstrukturierung befindet, in welchem Masse sich ein Innovationssystem auch in einer traditionellen Industrieregion identifizieren lasst. Die Ergebnisse fur die Steiermark werden dabei mit jenen anderer alter Industrieregionen wie Wales, Tampere und das Baskenland verglichen. Die Befunde zeigen, dass sich die Unternehmen im Innovationsprozess nur zum Teil auf Partner in der Region stutzen; in einem erheblichen Ausmass sind sie in nationale und europaische Netzwerke integriert.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 34 (2000)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 29-40

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:34:y:2000:i:1:p:29-40

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Keywords: Innovation System; Network; Traditional Industrial Region; Styria;


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  1. Bj�rn Asheim & Michael Dunford, 1997. "Regional Futures," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(5), pages 445-455.
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Cited by:
  1. Kuitunen, Soile, 2000. "The Role Of Eu Structural Funds In Enhancing The Emergence Of Regional Innovations And Innovation Policiestheoretical Points Of Departure And Some Empirical Findings," ERSA conference papers ersa00p426, European Regional Science Association.
  2. de Jong, Jeroen P.J. & Freel, Mark, 2010. "Absorptive capacity and the reach of collaboration in high technology small firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 47-54, February.
  3. Esa Storhammar & Timo Tohmo, 2011. "Innovation activity in the SMEs and local environment," ERSA conference papers ersa10p240, European Regional Science Association.
  4. Asheim, Bjorn T. & Coenen, Lars, 2005. "Knowledge bases and regional innovation systems: Comparing Nordic clusters," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1173-1190, October.
  5. Sjoerd Beugelsdijk & Maarten Cornet, 2002. "'A Far Friend is Worth More than a Good Neighbour': Proximity and Innovation in a Small Country," Journal of Management and Governance, Springer, vol. 6(2), pages 169-188, May.
  6. Freel, Mark S., 2003. "Sectoral patterns of small firm innovation, networking and proximity," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), pages 751-770, May.
  7. Mark Freel & Richard Harrison, 2006. "Innovation and cooperation in the small firm sector: Evidence from 'Northern Britain'," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(4), pages 289-305.
  8. Fernandes, Cristina & Ferreira, João & Marques, Carla, 2011. "KIBS Innovation Management Capability in Rural Portuguese Regions: Empirical Evidence," MPRA Paper 47005, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  9. Silva, Maria José & Leitão, João, 2007. "What Determines the Entrepreneurial Innovative Capability of Portuguese Industrial Firms?," MPRA Paper 5216, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Silva, Maria José & Leitão, João, 2007. "Cooperation in Innovation Practices among Portuguese Firms: Do Universities Interface Innovative Advances?," MPRA Paper 5215, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Wiig Aslesen, Heidi, 2000. "Innovation Performance In The Capital Region Of Norway. Potentials For Improvement," ERSA conference papers ersa00p388, European Regional Science Association.
  12. Maria José Madeira Silva & Mário Lino Barata Raposo & Maria Eugénia Ferrão & Juan José Jiménez Moreno, 2005. "Relacionamentos Externos no âmbito da Inovação Empresarial: Modelo aplicado aos avanços inovadores," Portuguese Journal of Management Studies, ISEG, Technical University of Lisbon, vol. 0(1), pages 5-19.
  13. Ronde, Patrick & Hussler, Caroline, 2005. "Innovation in regions: What does really matter?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1150-1172, October.
  14. Pace Giuseppe, 2004. "Incubators as catalysts of academic spin-offs: evidence from the Israeli case-study," Urban/Regional 0403001, EconWPA.
  15. Beugelsdijk, S. & Cornet, M., 2001. "How far do They Reach? The Localization of Industrial and Academic Knowledge Spillovers in the Netherlands," Discussion Paper 2001-47, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  16. Todtling, Franz & Trippl, Michaela, 2005. "One size fits all?: Towards a differentiated regional innovation policy approach," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(8), pages 1203-1219, October.
  17. Iwona Borowik, 2014. "Knowledge Exchange Mechanisms and Innovation Policy in Post-Industrial Regions: Approaches of the Basque Country and the West Midlands," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 37-69, March.
  18. David Doloreux, 2004. "Regional Innovation Systems in Canada: A Comparative Study," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(5), pages 479-492.


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