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Innovation and Urban Regions as National and International Nodes for the Transfer and Sharing of Knowledge

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  • James Simmie
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    Abstract

    S IMMIE J. (2003) Innovation and urban regions as national and international nodes for the transfer and sharing of knowledge, Reg. Studies 37 , 607-620. This paper examines the transfer and sharing of knowledge within and between regions in the context of the development of the international economy. It is argued that knowledge is a key resource for innovation which, in turn, is one of the major drivers of economic growth. The firms producing the most novel product innovations in the most significant regional concentrations of innovation are very adept at working across the interface of local and global knowledge transfers. Using data from previous studies combined with the latest regional data from the Community Innovation Survey 3, comparisons are made between the ways in which the most innovative firms in the Greater South East transfer and share knowledge from the local to the international level. The most innovative firms are shown to access international sources of knowledge. This raises questions over the relative importance of local versus international knowledge spillovers for the most innovative firms. Innovative firms tend to concentrate in a minority of key metropolitan regions. These are shown to combine a strong local knowledge capital base with high levels of connectivity to similar regions in the international economy. In this way they are able to combine and decode both codified and tacit knowledge originating from multiple regional, national and international sources. As a result they are able to generate virtuous circles of knowledge, innovation, competitiveness and exports. S IMMIE J. (2003) L'innovation et les zones urbaines en tant que noeuds pour le transfert et le partage de la connaissance, Reg. Studies 37 , 607-620. Cet article cherche a examiner le transfert et le partage de la connaissance intra et interregionaux dans le cadre du developpement de l' economie internationale. On soutient que la connaissance constitue une ressource essentielle de l'innovation, qui represente, a son tour, l'un des moteurs cle de la croissance economique. Les entreprises qui fabriquent les produits les plus innovateurs dans les zones d' innovation regionales les plus importantes sont tres expert en l' art de travailler avec l'interface des transferts de la connaissance locale et globale. A partir des donnees provenant des etudes ante rieures, combinees avec les dernieres donnees regionales provenant de la Community Information Survey 3 (la troisieme enquete menee sur l'innovation dans communaute), on fait des comparaisons des facons dont les entreprises les plus innovatrices situe es dans le Grand Sud-Est transferent et partagent la connaissance du niveau local jusqu'a l'echelon international. On demontre que les entreprises les plus innovatrices ont acces aux sources de connaissance internationales. Cela remet en question l'importance relative des retombees de connaissance locales ou internationales pour ce qui est des entreprises les plus innovatrices. Les entreprises innovatrices ont tendance a s'agglomerer dans une poignee de regions me tropolitaines cle. On demontre que celles-la combinent une base de connaissance locale solide et des taux de connexite eleves avec des regions similaires dans l'economie internationale. De cette facon, elles se trouvent en mesure de combiner et de de coder la connaissance a la fois codifiee et implicite qui provient de multiples sources regionales, nationales et internationales. Par conse quent, ils peuvent creer des cercles vertueux de connaissance, de competitivite et d'exportations. S IMMIE J. (2003) Innovation und Stadtregionen als uberregionale und internationale Knotenpunkte der Weitergabe und gemeinsamer Nutzung von Kenntnissen, Reg. Studies 37 , 607-620. Diese Aufsatz untersucht die Weitergabe und gemeinsame Nutzung von Kenntnissen innerhalb und von einer Region zur andern im Zusammenhang mit der Entwicklung der internationalen Wirtschaft. Es wird festgestellt, dass Kenntnisse der Schlussel zur Innovation sind, die wiederum eine der Hauptantriebskrafte wirtschaftlichen Wachstums darstellt. Firmen, die die neuesten Produktinnovationen in den bedeutendsten regionalen Konzentrationen von Innovation herausbringen, sind sehr geschickt in der Ausnutzung von Beruhrungspunkten ortlicher und globaler Weitergabe von Kenntnissen. Gestuzt auf Angaben fruherer Studien in Verbindung mit Regionaldaten jungsten Datums des Community Innovation Survey 3 werden Vergleiche zwischen den Arten angestellt, in denen die innovativ ruhrigsten Firmen des Grossgebietes Sudostengland Kenntnisse von der ortlichen bis zur internationalen Ebene gemeinsam nutzen und einander weitergeben. Es wird gezeigt, wie die innovativ aktivsten Firmen sich Zugang zu internationalen Wissensquellen verschaffen. Daraus ergeben sich fu r die Innovation fuhrenden Firmer Fragen der relativen Bedeutung von o rtlicher, im Vergleich zu interrnationaler Verbreitung von Kenntnissen. Innovative Firmen konzentrieren sich meist in wenigen grossstadtischen Schlu sselregionen. Es wird aufgezeigt, dass diese eine solide Kapitalgrundlage der Ortskenntnis mit hohem Niveau der Verbundenheit mit ahnlichen Regionen der internationalen Wirtschaft kombinieren. Auf diese Weise sind sie imstande, sowohl kodifizierte als auch stillschweigend erworbene Kenntnisse zu kombinieren und zu dekodifizieren, die von vielfachen regionalen, uberregionalen und internationalen Quellen stammen. Folglich sind sie praktisch in der Lage, Ringe von Kenntnissen, Innovation, Wettbewerbsfahigkeit und Exporten zu schaffen.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 37 (2003)
    Issue (Month): 6-7 ()
    Pages: 607-620

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:37:y:2003:i:6-7:p:607-620

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    Related research

    Keywords: Competitiveness; Knowledge; Innovation; Trade; Regional Hierarchies;

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