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Spatial Spillover Effects in the Swedish Local Rescue Services

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  • Niklas Hanes
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    Abstract

    This paper studies what factors determine the expenditures on rescue services by municipalities in Sweden. The main purpose is to identify spatial spillover effects between municipalities in order to analyse strategic behaviour. The analysis is based on a joint product model, where collective security is assumed to contain local and regional public good elements. In the empirical analysis we find that the reaction functions are negatively sloped, meaning that we cannot reject the hypothesis of free riding behaviour. It is also found that rescue services can be considered a normal good and that the municipalities respond positively to security policy threats. Cet article cherche a etudier les facteurs qui determinent les depenses des municipalites suedoises pour les services de secours. Le but principal est d'identifier les effets de debordement geographiques sur les municipalites afin d'analyser le comportement strategique. L'analyse est fondee sur un modele de produits lies, dont la securite collective est censee inclure des elements de bien public a la fois locaux et regionaux. Il en resulte de l'analyse empirique que les courbes qui tracent les fonctions de reaction sont descendantes, ce qui veut dire que l'on ne peut pas rejeter l'hypothese de l'entree libre. Il s'avere aussi que les services de secours peuvent etre consideres un bien normal et que les municipalites reagissent de facon positive aux menaces pour leur politique de securite. In diesem Aufsatz wird untersucht, welche Faktoren bei schwedischen Gemeindeverwaltungen die Ausgaben fur Rettungsdienste bestimmen. Der Hauptzweck ist, die Folgen eines Uberfliessens der Bevolkerung von Stadtbezirk zu Stadtbezirk zu identifizieren, um dann strategisches Verhalten zu analysieren. Die Analyse stutzt sich auf ein Modell des Gemeinschaftsproduktes, bei dem angenommen wird, dass die kollektive Sicherheit ortliche und regionale Elemente des Gemeinwohls enthalt. In der empirischen Analyse wird festgestellt, dass die Reaktionsfunktionen ein Gefalle aufweisen, was bedeutet, dass die Autoren die Hypothese einer offenen Diskussion nicht ablehnen konnen. Es erweist sich auch, dass Rettungsdienst als Grundrecht angesehen wird, und dass Stadtverwaltungen positiv auf Bedrohungen ihrer Sicherheitspolitik reagieren.

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    File URL: http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00343400220137137
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 36 (2002)
    Issue (Month): 5 ()
    Pages: 531-539

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:36:y:2002:i:5:p:531-539

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    Related research

    Keywords: Rescue Services; Joint Product Model; Spatial Spillovers; Spatial Autoregression;

    References

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    1. Sandler, Todd, 1977. "Impurity of Defense: An Application to the Economics of Alliances," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(3), pages 443-60.
    2. Aronsson, Thomas & Wikstrom, Magnus, 1996. "Local public expenditure in Sweden a model where the median voter is not necessarily decisive," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(9), pages 1705-1716, December.
    3. Sandler,Todd & Hartley,Keith, 1999. "The Political Economy of NATO," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521638807, October.
    4. Case, Anne C. & Rosen, Harvey S. & Hines, James Jr., 1993. "Budget spillovers and fiscal policy interdependence : Evidence from the states," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(3), pages 285-307, October.
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    Cited by:
    1. Johanna Choumert & Walid Oueslati & Julien SalaniƩ, 2008. "The effects of spatial spillovers on the provision of urban environmental amenities," Post-Print hal-00729739, HAL.
    2. Edmark, Karin, 2007. "Strategic competition in Swedish local spending on childcare, schooling and care for the elderly," Working Paper Series 2007:22, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
    3. Johan Lundberg, 2006. "Spatial interaction model of spillovers from locally provided public services," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(6), pages 631-644.
    4. Johanna Choumert & Laure Cormier, 2011. "The provision of urban parks: an empirical test of spatial spillovers in an urban area using geographic information systems," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 47(2), pages 437-450, October.
    5. Ghosh, Soma, 2010. "Strategic interaction among public school districts: Evidence on spatial interdependence in school inputs," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(3), pages 440-450, June.

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