Les biens publics locaux en Wallonie: effet d'imitation ou de débordement?
AbstractThe study applies spatial econometrics to the expenditures of the 262 municipalities of the Walloon Region (Belgium). It models the influence of expenditures from neighbouring municipalities on one given municipality. The independent variable coefficient is an indicator of a substitution-spillover effect when negative, and an indicator of a expenditure competition effect when positive. When we consider the municipalities of the Walloon Region, under our assumptions, the coefficient is significantly different from 0, and has for value + 0.81. The model does not confirm the existence a free rider / substitution / spillover effect but rather reveals significant expenditure competition effects. Each municipality apparently wants to provide a range of public local goods at least as wide as the neighbouring ones. Nevertheless the model is worth developing and some suggestions on how to do it are brought up in the final part.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles in its journal Brussels economic review.
Volume (Year): 49 (2006)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Local public goods; Spillover; Spatial econometrics; Free rider / easy rider; Biens publics local; Effet de débordement; Econométrie spatiale; Passager clandestin ou semi-clandestin;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- H72 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Budget and Expenditures
- R15 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Econometric and Input-Output Models; Other Methods
- R51 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Finance in Urban and Rural Economies
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