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Employment and export specialisation along the development path: some robust evidence

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  • Aleksandra Parteka

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Abstract

The underneath motivation of this study is based on the findings confirming that specialisation is non neutral on a country's growth performance. Consequently, it seems important to analyse the evolution of specialization patterns along the process of economic development. The scope of the paper is twofold: first of all, it aims at understanding if the evolution of employment specialisation is reflected in the same manner in trade specialisation patterns. Secondly, it explores the link between the degree of specialization on one side and cross country GDP per capita performance on the other. The paper challenges other empirical studies present in the specialization literature and contributes by presenting simultaneously the evolution of sectoral dispersion patterns emerging from employment and trade data. The sample of countries (32 world economies on different stages of economic development), the time span (1980 onwards) and the sectoral composition of the two datasets are retained constant. By comparing the results obtained with various inequality indicators, including a wide range of absolute and relative measures, we demonstrate the relevance of the methodological setting used for the assessment of economic activity dispersion. Next, we perform nonparametric and semiparametric estimations in order to reveal the `specialization curve' which describes the evolution of specialization along the development path. We find a support for nonlinear relationship between the two dimensions of specialization and GDP per capita levels, with a tendency towards despecialization in the initial phase of economic growth.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Review of World Economics.

Volume (Year): 145 (2010)
Issue (Month): 4 (January)
Pages: 615-640

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Handle: RePEc:spr:weltar:v:145:y:2010:i:4:p:615-640

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Related research

Keywords: Specialisation; Economic development; Semiparametric and nonparametric methods; F43; O11; C14;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Luca RICCETTI, 2011. "A Copula-GARCH Model for Macro Asset Allocation of a Portfolio with Commodities: an Out-of-Sample Analysis," Working Papers 355, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  2. Luca RICCETTI, 2010. "Minimum Tracking Error Volatility," Working Papers 340, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  3. Aleksandra PARTEKA & Massimo TAMBERI, 2008. "Determinants of Export Diversification: an Empirical Investigation," Working Papers 327, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  4. Olivier CADOT & Céline CARRERE & Vanessa STRAUSS-KAHN, 2011. "Trade Diversification, Income, and Growth: What Do We Know?," Working Papers P33, FERDI.
  5. Aleksandra Parteka & Massimo Tamberi, 2012. "Relative Product Diversification in the Course of Economic Development: Import-Export Analysis," DEGIT Conference Papers c017_056, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  6. Aleksandra Parteka, 2013. "The evolving structure of Polish exports (1994−2010) – diversification of products and trade partners," Bank i Kredyt, National Bank of Poland, Economic Institute, vol. 44(5), pages 435-466.
  7. Ugo FRATESI, 2010. "The National and International Effects;of Regional Policy Choices: Agglomeration Economies, Peripherality and Territorial Characteristics," Working Papers 344, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  8. Aleksandra Parteka, 2013. "Trade Diversity and Stages of Development–Evidence on EU Countries," Ekonomia journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, vol. 30.
  9. Cadot, Olivier & Carrere, Celine & Strauss-Kahn, Vanessa, 2011. "OECD imports : diversification of suppliers and quality search," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5627, The World Bank.
  10. Elena AMBROSETTI & Eralba CELA & Tineke FOKKEMA, 2011. "The Remittances Behaviour of the Second Generation in Europe: Altruism or Self-Interest?," Working Papers 368, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
  11. Jorge Braga de Macedo & Luís Brites Pereira, 2010. "Cape Verde and Mozambique as Development Successes in West and Southern Africa," NBER Working Papers 16552, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Fabio FIORILLO & Agnese SACCHI, 2010. "I Want to Free-ride. An Opportunistic View on Decentralization Versus Centralization Problem," Working Papers 346, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.

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