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Equality of Opportunity versus Equality of Opportunity Sets

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  • Erwin Ooghe

    ()

  • Erik Schokkaert

    ()

  • Dirk gaer

    ()

Abstract

We characterize two different approaches to the idea of equality of opportunity. Roemer's social ordering is motivated by a concern to compensate for the effects of certain (non-responsibility) factors on outcomes. Van de gaer's social ordering is concerned with the equalization of the opportunity sets to which people have access. We show how different invariance axioms open the possibility to go beyond the simple additive specification implied by both rules. This offers scope for a broader interpretation of responsibility-sensitive egalitarianism.

(This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Social Choice and Welfare.

Volume (Year): 28 (2007)
Issue (Month): 2 (February)
Pages: 209-230

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Handle: RePEc:spr:sochwe:v:28:y:2007:i:2:p:209-230

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  1. Bossert, W., 1994. "Opportunity Sets and Individual Well-Being," Working Papers 9414, University of Waterloo, Department of Economics.
  2. John E. Roemer & Rolf Aaberge & Ugo Colombino & Johan Fritzell & Stephen P. Jenkins & Ive Marx & Marianne Page & Evert Pommer & Javier Ruiz-Castillo & Maria Jesus SanSegundo & Torben Tranaes & Gert G., 2000. "To what Extent do Fiscal Regimes Equalize Opportunities for Income Acquisition Among citizens?," Discussion Papers, Research Department of Statistics Norway 272, Research Department of Statistics Norway.
  3. Hild, Matthias & Voorhoeve, Alex, 2004. "Equality Of Opportunity And Opportunity Dominance," Economics and Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, vol. 20(01), pages 117-145, April.
  4. FLEURBAEY, Marc & MANIQUET, François, . "Compensation and responsibility," CORE Discussion Papers RP -2284, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  5. Maniquet, Francois, 1998. "An equal right solution to the compensation-responsibility dilemma," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 185-202, March.
  6. John Roemer & Humberto G. Llavador, 2003. "An Equal-Opportunity Approach to the Allocation of International Air," Working Papers 9910, University of California, Davis, Department of Economics.
  7. Gerard Debreu, 1959. "Topological Methods in Cardinal Utility Theory," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 76, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
  8. Iñigo Iturbe Ormaetxe, 1995. "Redistribution And Individual Characteristics," Working Papers. Serie AD, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie) 1995-19, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Económicas, S.A. (Ivie).
  9. Dirk Van de gaer & Marc Fleurbaey & Walter Bossert, 1999. "Responsibility, talent, and compensation: A second-best analysis," Review of Economic Design, Springer, vol. 4(1), pages 35-55.
  10. Fleurbaey Marc, 1995. "Three Solutions for the Compensation Problem," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 65(2), pages 505-521, April.
  11. Schokkaert, Erik & Van de gaer, Dirk & Vandenbroucke, Frank & Luttens, Roland Iwan, 2004. "Responsibility sensitive egalitarianism and optimal linear income taxation," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 48(2), pages 151-182, September.
  12. Efe A. Ok & Laurence Kranich, 1998. "The measurement of opportunity inequality: a cardinality-based approach," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer, Springer, vol. 15(2), pages 263-287.
  13. Kranich, Laurence, 1996. "Equitable Opportunities: An Axiomatic Approach," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 71(1), pages 131-147, October.
  14. Herrero, Carmen & Iturbe-Ormaetxe, Inigo & Nieto, Jorge, 1998. "Ranking opportunity profiles on the basis of the common opportunities," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 273-289, May.
  15. Bossert, Walter, 1995. "Redistribution mechanisms based on individual characteristics," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 1-17, February.
  16. Roemer, J.E., 1992. "A Pragmatic Theory of Responsibility for the Egalitarian Planner," Papers, California Davis - Institute of Governmental Affairs 391, California Davis - Institute of Governmental Affairs.
  17. Marc Fleurbaey & Walter Bossert, 1996. "Redistribution and compensation (*)," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer, Springer, vol. 13(3), pages 343-355.
  18. Van de Gaer, Dirk & Schokkaert, Erik & Martinez, Michel, 2001. "Three Meanings of Intergenerational Mobility," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 68(272), pages 519-37, November.
  19. John E. Roemer, 2002. "Equality of opportunity: A progress report," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer, Springer, vol. 19(2), pages 455-471, April.
  20. François Maniquet, 2004. "On the equivalence between welfarism and equality of opportunity," Social Choice and Welfare, Springer, Springer, vol. 23(1), pages 127-147, 08.
  21. Erwin Ooghe & Luc Lauwers, 2005. "Non-dictatorial extensive social choice," Economic Theory, Springer, vol. 25(3), pages 721-743, 04.
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