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Energy Consumption and Economic Growth in Turkey: Cointegration and Causality Analysis

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Author Info

  • Kaplan, Muhittin

    ()
    (Meliksah University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 38010, Kayseri, Turkey)

  • Ozturk, Ilhan

    ()
    (Cag University, Faculty of Economics and Business, 33800, Mersin, Turkey)

  • Kalyoncu, Huseyin

    ()
    (Meliksah University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, 38010, Kayseri, Turkey.)

Abstract

This paper examines the causal relationship between energy consumption and economic growth for Turkey during 1971–2006. We employed two multivariate models, namely demand model and production model, based on vector error correction model. Then, we tested Granger causality after finding cointegration among variables for the both models. The results indicate that energy consumption and economic growth are cointegrated and there is bidirectional causality running from energy consumption to economic growth and vice versa. This means that an increase in energy consumption directly affects economic growth and that economic growth also stimulates further energy consumption. Consequently, we conclude that energy is a limiting factor to economic growth in Turkey and, hence, shocks to energy supply will have a negative impact on economic growth and vice versa.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Institute for Economic Forecasting in its journal Romanian Journal for Economic Forecasting.

Volume (Year): (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 (June)
Pages: 31-41

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Handle: RePEc:rjr:romjef:v::y:2011:i:2:p:31-41

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Keywords: Energy consumption; Economic growth; Causality; Cointegration; Turkey;

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References

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  1. Ozturk, Ilhan & Acaravci, Ali, 2010. "CO2 emissions, energy consumption and economic growth in Turkey," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 14(9), pages 3220-3225, December.
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Cited by:
  1. Florin Mariasiu, 2012. "Energy Sources Management and Future Automotive Technologies: Environmental Impact," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 2(4), pages 342-347.
  2. Hatice Karahan & Mehmet Toptas, 2013. "Pricing Electric Power under a Hybrid Wholesale Mechanism: Evaluating the Turkish Electricity Market," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 3(3), pages 221-228.
  3. Hüseyin Kalyoncu & Faruk Gürsoy & Hasan Göcen, 2013. "Causality Relationship between GDP and Energy Consumption in Georgia, Azerbaijan and Armenia," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 3(1), pages 111-117.
  4. Mustafa SAATCÝ & Yasemin DUMRUL, 2013. "The Relationship Between Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: Evidence From A Structural Break Analysis For Turkey," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 3(1), pages 20-29.
  5. Can Tansel TUGCU, 2013. "Disaggregate Energy Consumption and Total Factor Productivity: A Cointegration and Causality Analysis for the Turkish Economy," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 3(3), pages 307-314.
  6. Muhammad Shahbaz & Ilhan Ozturk & Talat Afza & Amjad Ali, 2014. "Revisiting the Environmental Kuznets Curve in a Global Economy," Working Papers 2014-522, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
  7. Muslima Zahan & Ron S. Kenett, 2013. "Modeling and Forecasting Energy Consumption in the Manufacturing Industry in South Asia," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 3(1), pages 87-98.
  8. Andreas Georgantopoulos, 2012. "Electricity Consumption and Economic Growth: Analysis and Forecasts using VAR/VEC Approach for Greece with Capital Formation," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 2(4), pages 263-278.
  9. Sahbi Farhani & Jaleleddine Ben Rejeb, 2012. "Energy Consumption, Economic Growth and CO2 Emissions: Evidence from Panel Data for MENA Region," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 2(2), pages 71-81.
  10. Tugcu, Can Tansel & Ozturk, Ilhan & Aslan, Alper, 2012. "Renewable and non-renewable energy consumption and economic growth relationship revisited: Evidence from G7 countries," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 1942-1950.
  11. Maria Pempetzoglou, 2014. "Electricity Consumption and Economic Growth: A Linear and Nonlinear Causality Investigation for Turkey," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 4(2), pages 263-273.
  12. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Abosedra, Salah & Sbia, Rashid, 2013. "Energy Consumption, Financial Development and Growth: Evidence from Cointegration with unknown Structural breaks in Lebanon," MPRA Paper 46580, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  13. Stephan B. Bruns & Christian Gross & David I. Stern, 2013. "Is There Really Granger Causality Between Energy Use and Output?," Crawford School Research Papers 1307, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  14. Hanan Naser, 2014. "Oil Market, Nuclear Energy Consumption and Economic Growth: Evidence from Emerging Economies," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 4(2), pages 288-296.
  15. Hazuki ISHIDA, 2013. "Causal Relationship between Fossil Fuel Consumption and Economic Growth in Japan: A Multivariate Approach," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 3(2), pages 127-136.

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