What makes travel 'local': Defining and understanding local travel behaviour
AbstractIn recent years, land use and transportation planning priorities have shifted from issues of mobility to focus on the capacity of neighbourhoods to provide opportunities to live, work, shop, and socialize at the local scale. This research explores a sample of households from Montreal, Quebec, Canada that engaged in multiple trip purposes on the same day and measures the effects of household, individual, and trip characteristics on their travel behaviour, especially the localization of these trips. A new measure to understand the spatial dispersal of actual activity space of each household is proposed while controlling for distance traveled. The findings show that levels of regional and local accessibility have different effects on this new index. These effects do vary with households size and socio-demographic factors. This study helps transportation professionals who are aiming to develop policies to localize household travel patterns through land use and transportation coordination at the neighbourhood and regional scale. Implications for social equity and exclusion are also explored.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Center for Transportation Studies, University of Minnesota in its journal The Journal of Transport and Land Use.
Volume (Year): 5 (2012)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
mobility; neighborhoods; local; trips;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General
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- S Hanson & M Schwab, 1987. "Accessibility and intraurban travel," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 19(6), pages 735-748, June.
- Bhat, Chandra R., 1996. "A generalized multiple durations proportional hazard model with an application to activity behavior during the evening work-to-home commute," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 465-480, December.
- Ron N. Buliung & Pavlos S. Kanaroglou, 2006. "Urban Form and Household Activity-Travel Behavior," Growth and Change, Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, vol. 37(2), pages 172-199.
- Paul Anderson & David Levinson & Pavithra Parthasarathi, 2011. "Accessibility Futures," Working Papers 000088, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
- David Levinson, 1998. "Accessibility and the Journey to Work," Working Papers 199802, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
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