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Transferts financiers et optimum coopératif international en matière de pollutions-stocks

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  • Germain, Marc

    (CORE, Université Catholique de Louvain)

  • Toint, Philippe L.

    (Département de Mathématique, Facultés Universitaires Notre-Dame de la Paix)

  • Tulkens, Henry

    (CORE)

Abstract

It is well known that the transnational character of many environmental problems requires cooperation amongst the countries involved, if a social optimum is at all to be achieved. Most of the numerous contributions which deal with the problems raised by this cooperation only deal with pollutants that do not accumulate. On the other hand, a lot of contributions which deal with the dynamic dimension of the problem when the pollutant accumulates leave aside the issue of the voluntary implementation of the international optimum. The aim of the present contribution is to overtake the two above limitations. Using both cooperative game theory and differential game theory, we define by means of sidepayments a sharing scheme of the abatement costs between countries which makes cooperation both individually rational and coalitionally stable. Il est bien connu que le caractère transnational de certains problèmes d’environnement requiert que les pays concernés coopèrent afin d’atteindre l’optimum social. Parmi les nombreuses contributions qui ont traité des difficultés que cette coopération est susceptible de poser, beaucoup ne traitent que de pollutions qui ne s’accumulent pas. En revanche, nombre d’articles qui prennent en compte la dimension dynamique du problème quand il y a accumulation du polluant laissent de côté le problème de la mise en oeuvre volontaire de l’optimum international. La présente contribution vise à dépasser les limites précitées. Recourant à la fois à la théorie des jeux coopératifs et à celle des jeux différentiels, on établit au moyen de transferts financiers une répartition des coûts de dépollution entre pays qui rend la coopération à la fois individuellement rationnelle et rationnelle au sens des coalitions.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 75 (1999)
Issue (Month): 1 (mars-juin-septembre)
Pages: 427-446

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:75:y:1999:i:1:p:427-446

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  1. Ploeg, F. van der & Zeeuw, A.J. de, 1990. "International aspects of pollution control," Discussion Paper 1990-65, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  2. Parkash Chander & Henry Tulkens, 1995. "A core-theoretic solution for the design of cooperative agreements on transfrontier pollution," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 2(2), pages 279-293, August.
  3. Veijo Kaitala & Matti Pohjola & Olli Tahvonen, 1992. "Transboundary air pollution and soil acidification: A dynamic analysis of an acid rain game between Finland and the USSR," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 2(2), pages 161-181, March.
  4. Henry Tulkens & Parkash Chander, 1997. "The Core of an Economy with Multilateral Environmental Externalities," International Journal of Game Theory, Springer, vol. 26(3), pages 379-401.
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Cited by:
  1. Maryse Labriet & Richard Loulou, 2008. "How Crucial is Cooperation in Mitigating World Climate? Analysis with World-MARKAL," Computational Management Science, Springer, vol. 5(1), pages 67-94, February.

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