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Choix de mécanismes incitatifs dans les contrats agri-environnementaux

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  • Michel Trommetter
  • Alban Richard

Abstract

[fre] Choix de mécanismes incitatifs dans les contrats agri-environnementaux par Alban Richard et Michel Trommetter . Fondées sur des objectifs économiques et environnementaux, les mesures agri-environnementales recherchent les meilleures modalités d'incitation dans les exploitations agricoles pour réduire le niveau des externalités négatives ou générer des externalités positives. L'objectif de ce papier est de construire un modèle d'interaction, entre les pouvoirs publics et des agriculteurs, basé sur des modèles de comportement séquentiels (possibilité de réviser certaines décisions) permettant d'intégrer les multiples aléas et les apprentissages réalisés au cours du contrat. Les simulations permettent de déterminer l'importance respective des variables du modèle sur le niveau d'incitation optimal, lorsque les agriculteurs sont hétérogènes. [eng] The choice of incentive mechanisms in agri-environmental contracts by Alban Richard and Michel Trommetter . In the light of economic and environmental objectives, agri-environmental measures seek the incentive mechanism best suited to reduce the level of negative externalities or to generate positive externalities in farms. The objective of this paper is to build a model of the interaction between public authorities and farmers. This model of the sequential-behaviour type (possibility of revising some decisions), indispensable for tackling dynamic interactions between governmental decisions and farmers, by making allowance for unforeseen events and for a learning process in the course of the contract. The simulations show the respective influence of the variables, in the model, on the optimal level of incentive for heterogeneous farmers.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 145 (2000)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 145-155

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2000_num_145_4_6120

Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2000.6120
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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  1. Macho-Stadler, I. & Perez-Castrillo, J.D., 1991. "Moral Hazard with Several Agents: The Gains From Cooperation," DELTA Working Papers 91-26, DELTA (Ecole normale supérieure).
  2. Philippe Le Goffe, 2000. "Hedonic Pricing of Agriculture and Forestry Externalities," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 15(4), pages 397-401, April.
  3. Itoh, Hideshi, 1991. "Incentives to Help in Multi-agent Situations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(3), pages 611-36, May.
  4. Henry, Claude, 1974. "Investment Decisions Under Uncertainty: The "Irreversibility Effect."," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 64(6), pages 1006-12, December.
  5. Ross, Stephen A, 1973. "The Economic Theory of Agency: The Principal's Problem," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(2), pages 134-39, May.
  6. Slangen, Louis H G, 1997. "How to Organise Nature Production by Farmers," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 24(3-4), pages 508-29.
  7. Orley Ashenfelter & David Ashmore & Randall Filer, 1997. "Contract Form and Procurement Costs: The Impact of Compulsory Multiple Contractor Laws in Construction," NBER Working Papers 5916, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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