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Structures productives de l'industrie du transport urbain et effets des schémas réglementaires

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  • Philippe Gagnepain

Abstract

[eng] Productive Structures in Urban Transport and Effects of Regulatory Arrangements . by Philippe Gagnepain . French urban transport is a highly regulated industry. Different contractual systems create contrasting cost-cutting incentives. The purpose of this paper is to study the industry's productive structures and evaluate the impact of regulations on costs. We use the maximum likelihood method to fit a translog cost function to panel data on the different urban transport networks. [fre] Structures productives de l'industrie du transport urbain et effets des schémas réglementaires . par Philippe Gagnepain . Le transport urbain français est une industrie fortement réglementée où les différents régimes contractuels en place créent des incitations contrastées en matière de réduction des coûts. L'objectif de cet article est l'étude des structures productives de cette industrie et l'évaluation du rôle des réglementations sur la formation des coûts. Dans ce but, nous estimons une fonction de coût de type translog par la méthode du maximum de vraisemblance à partir de données de panel sur les différents réseaux de transport urbain.

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File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/ecop.1998.5927
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File URL: http://www.persee.fr/articleAsPDF/ecop_0249-4744_1998_num_135_4_5927/ecop_0249-4744_1998_num_135_4_5927.pdf?mode=light
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 135 (1998)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 95-107

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1998_num_135_4_5927

Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1998.5927
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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References

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  1. Hanoch, Giora, 1975. "The Elasticity of Scale and the Shape of Average Costs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 65(3), pages 492-97, June.
  2. Diewert, Walter E & Wales, Terence J, 1987. "Flexible Functional Forms and Global Curvature Conditions," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(1), pages 43-68, January.
  3. Kerstens, K., 1996. "Technical efficiency measurement and explanation of French urban transit companies," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 30(6), pages 431-452, November.
  4. Laffont, Jean-Jacques, 1992. "The New Economics of Regulation Ten Years After," IDEI Working Papers 22, Institut d'Économie Industrielle (IDEI), Toulouse.
  5. Christensen, Laurits R & Jorgenson, Dale W & Lau, Lawrence J, 1973. "Transcendental Logarithmic Production Frontiers," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 55(1), pages 28-45, February.
  6. Magnus, J.R., 1982. "Multivariate error components analysis of linear and nonlinear regression models by maximum likelihood," Open Access publications from Tilburg University urn:nbn:nl:ui:12-153211, Tilburg University.
  7. Caillaud, Bernard & Quinet, Emile, 1993. "Analyse du caractère incitatif des contrats de transport urbain," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Couverture Orange) 9307, CEPREMAP.
  8. Magnus, Jan R., 1982. "Multivariate error components analysis of linear and nonlinear regression models by maximum likelihood," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 19(2-3), pages 239-285, August.
  9. Berndt, Ernst R & Khaled, Mohammed S, 1979. "Parametric Productivity Measurement and Choice among Flexible Functional Forms," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(6), pages 1220-45, December.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Philippe Gagnepain, 2001. "La nouvelle théorie de la régulation des monopoles naturels : fondements et tests," Post-Print hal-00622947, HAL.
  2. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00107375 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. GAUTIER, Axel & YVRANDE-BILLON, Anne, 2008. "Contract renewal as an incentive device. An application to the French urban public transport sector," CORE Discussion Papers 2008068, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  4. Christian Genthon, 2007. "Can we measure Microsoft's market power ?," Post-Print halshs-00153837, HAL.
  5. Giovanni Fraquelli & Massimiliano Piacenza & Graziano Abrate, 2001. "Costs and Technology of Public Transit Systems in Italy:Some Insights to Face Inefficiency," CERIS Working Paper 200112, Institute for Economic Research on Firms and Growth - Moncalieri (TO).
  6. Massimiliano Piacenza, 2002. "Regulatory Constraints and Cost Efficiency of the Italian Public Transit Systems: An Exploratory Stochastic Frontier Model," CERIS Working Paper 200202, Institute for Economic Research on Firms and Growth - Moncalieri (TO).
  7. Massimiliano Piacenza, 2000. "The Public Transit Systems In Italy: A Critical Analysis Of The Regulatory Framework," CERIS Working Paper 200016, Institute for Economic Research on Firms and Growth - Moncalieri (TO).
  8. Pestana Barros, Carlos & Peypoch, Nicolas, 2010. "Productivity changes in Portuguese bus companies," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 17(5), pages 295-302, September.
  9. repec:hal:journl:halshs-00103116 is not listed on IDEAS
  10. Carlo Cambini & Massimiliano Piacenza & Davide Vannoni, 2007. "Restructuring Public Transit Systems: Evidence on Cost Properties from Medium and Large-Sized Companies," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 31(3), pages 183-203, November.
  11. Amaral, Miguel, 2008. "Public vs private management of public utilities - The case of urban public transport in Europe," Research in Transportation Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 85-90, January.
  12. Francesco, Gastaldi & Lucia, Quaglino & Carlo, Stagnaro, 2012. "Il trasporto pubblico locale e la concorrenza. Cambiare paradigma per salvare il servizio: il caso ligure
    [Local Public Transportation and Competition. Changing Paradigm to Save the Service: The Ca
    ," MPRA Paper 49464, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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