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Peut-on compter sur ses enfants pour assurer ses vieux jours ? L'exemple de la Malaisie

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  • Antoine Bommier

Abstract

[ger] Kann man sich zur Alterssicherung auf seine Kinder verlassen? Das Beispiel Malaysias, . von Antoine Bommier.. . In einer Zeit der raschen demographischen und wirtschaftlichen Entwicklung ist es für die Ausarbeitung angemessener sozioökonomischer Politiken wichtig, daß man die Verhaltensweisen bei den Transfers zwischen den Generationen versteht. In diesem Artikel untersuchen wir die Transfers, die in Malaysia von den Erwachsenen hin zu ihren Eltern stattfinden. . Wir stellen fest, daß sich die Kinder ein und derselben Familie anscheinend unabhängig voneinander verhalten, wobei sich die Relation zwischen der einem älteren Menschen gewährten Hilfe und seiner Anzahl Kinder auf eine bloße Addition reduzieren läßt. Was die Gründe fur die Transfers anbetrifft, so würde demnach ein Erwachsener seinen Eltern hauptsächlich als Gegenleistung für die Transfers, die er in seiner Kindheit, insbesondere während seiner Ausbildung, erhielt, aber auch aus Altruismus oder zur Vorsorge helfen. Dagegen werden keinerlei strategische Verhaltensweisen beobachtet. Werden die Transfers hin zu den Eltern des Mannes und hin zu den Eltern der Frau getrennt untersucht, stellt man fest, daß die Transfers in hohem Maße von der Verteilung der Einkünfte innerhalb des Haushaltes abhängen. Aufgrund dieses Phänomens, das von jeglicher Endogenität des Arbeitsangebotes unabhängig ist, lassen sich die herkömmlichen mikroökonomischen Modelle verwerfen, bei denen immer nur eine einzige Nutzenfunktion in einem Haushalt berücksichtigt wird. [spa] Se puede acaso contar con sus hijos para asegurarse la vejez ? el ejemplo de malasia, . por Antoine Bommier.. . En un período de evolución demográfica y económica rápida, la comprensión de los comportamientos de transferencias intergeneracionales es esencial para la elaboración de políticas socioeconómicas adecuadas. En este artículo examinamos las transferencias de los adultes hacia sus padres en Malasia. . Se comprueba que los hijos de una misma familia parecen comportarse de manera independiente unos de otros, reduciéndose a un simple proceso aditivo la relación entre la ayuda recibida por una persona de edad y su número de hijos. En lo que se refiere a las motivaciones de las transferencias, un adulte ayudaría a sus padres esencialmente como contrapartida de las transferencias recibidas durante la infancia, en particular para sus estudios, y también por altruismo o por garantía. Por el contrario, no se détecta ningún indicio de comportamientos estratégicos. Al examinar separadamente las transferencias hacia los padres del marido y aquellas que van hacia los padres de la mujer se comprueba que las transferencias dependen en gran medida de la distribución de los ingresos en el seno del hogar. Este fenómeno, independiente de cualquier endogeneidad de la oferta de trabajo, permite descartar los modelos microeconómicos tradicionales considerando una única función de utilidad a nivel del hogar. [fre] Peut-on compter sur ses enfants pour assurer ses vieux jours ? L'exemple de la Malaisie, . par Antoine Bommier.. . Dans une période d'évolution démographique et économique rapide, la compréhension des comportements de transferts intergénérationnels est essentielle pour l'élaboration de politiques socio-économiques adéquates. Dans cet article nous étudions les transferts des adultes vers leurs parents, em Malaisie. . Il ressort que les enfants d'une même famille semblent se comporter indépendamment les uns des autres, la relation entre l'aide reçue par une personne âgée et son nombre d'enfants se réduisant à un simple processus additif. Pour ce qui est des motivations des transferts, un adulte aiderait ses parents essentiellement en retour des transferts reçus pendant l'enfance, notamment pour ses études, et aussi par altruisme ou par assurance. En revanche on ne décèle aucune trace de comportements stratégiques. Examinant séparément les transferts vers les parents du mari et ceux vers les parents de la femme on constate que les transferts dépendent fortement de la distribution des revenus au sein du ménage. Ce phénomène, indépendant de toute endogénéité de l'offre de travail, permet de rejeter les modèles micro-économiques traditionnels considérants une unique fonction d'utilité au niveau du ménage. [eng] Can Children Be Counted On to Look After their Parents in their Old Age? The Malaysian Example, . by Antoine Bommier.. . In a period of swift demographic and economic change, it is essential to understand intergenerational transfer behaviour to be able to develop suitable socio-economic policies. . This article studies the transfers from adults to their parents in Malaysia. . We find that a family's children behave independently of each other, with the relationship between the assistance received by senior citizens and their number of children being a mere additive process. Adults are motivated to make assist their parents mainly in return for transfers received during childhood, in particular for education, but also out of good will and as a guarantee. However, we find no evidence of strategic behaviour. An analysis of transfers to the husband's parents separately from those to the wife's parents reveals that transfers depend to a great extent on the distribution of income within the household. This phenomenon, independent of any labour supply endogeny, forms the basis for the rejection of the traditional microeconomic models considering a single utility function at household level.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Économie & prévision.

Volume (Year): 121 (1995)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 75-86

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Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_1995_num_121_5_5761

Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.1995.5761
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/ecop

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  1. Shleifer, Andrei & Summers, Lawrence H. & Bernheim, B. Douglas, 1986. "The Strategic Bequest Motive," Scholarly Articles 3721794, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  2. Cox, Donald, 1987. "Motives for Private Income Transfers," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 95(3), pages 508-46, June.
  3. Lucas, Robert E B & Stark, Oded, 1985. "Motivations to Remit: Evidence from Botswana," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(5), pages 901-18, October.
  4. Cox, Donald C & Jimenez, Emmanuel, 1992. "Social Security and Private Transfers in Developing Countries: The Case of Peru," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 6(1), pages 155-69, January.
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Cited by:
  1. Fontaine, Roméo & Gramain, Agnès & Wittwer, Jérôme, 2009. "Providing Care for an Elderly Parent: Interactions Among Siblings ?," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/1879, Paris Dauphine University.

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