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Aides aux parents âgés et allocation intra-familiale

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  • François-Charles Wolff
  • Mohamed Jellal

Abstract

[fre] Cet article étudie la façon dont s'organise la prise en charge des parents âgés par leurs enfants et les motivations de ces transferts familiaux des enfants, en prenant en compte les interactions stratégiques entre les parents et leurs différents enfants. Nous étudions un modèle théorique de transferts intergénérationnels fondé sur l'altruisme où les frères et sœurs s'occupent de leurs parents (un bien public) sans recevoir de contrepartie. Les comportements d'aides ascendants sont étudiés à partir des données de l'enquête Cnav Trois Générations 1992. Les résultats économétriques, qui contrôlent l'hétérogénéité individuelle non observable pour les familles par des effets fixes, montrent que les aides non financières aux parents âgés sont surtout fonction de leurs besoins et de la disponibilité des enfants. Les comportements des enfants sont plutôt indépendants les uns des autres : il n'existe pas de compétition positive ou négative au sein des fratries lorsqu'il s'agit de s'occuper de ses vieux parents. [eng] In this paper, we examine how children care for their elderly parents and the motives of these family transfers, accounting for interactions between parents and their different children. We study a theoretical model of intergenerational transfers based on altruism, where siblings care for their parents (a public good). Decisions of upstream assistance are analysed using data from a trigenerational survey. Econometric results, which control for unobserved heterogeneity within familles using fixed effects, show that time-related transfers to elders mainly depend on the parental needs and the children's availability. Transfer behaviors from children are rather independent from each other: there does not exist any positive or negative competition within siblings when caring for elderly.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 53 (2002)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 863-885

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_4_410450

Note: DOI:10.2307/3503172
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Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/reco

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  1. Jellal, Mohamed & Wolff, Francois-Charles, 2002. "Cultural evolutionary altruism: theory and evidence," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 241-262, June.
  2. Sloan, Frank & Gabriel Picone & Thomas J. Hoerger, 1995. "The Supply of Children's Time to Disabled Elderly Parents," Working Papers, Duke University, Department of Economics 95-46, Duke University, Department of Economics.
  3. Steven Stern & Maxim Engers, . "Long-Term Care and Family Bargaining," Virginia Economics Online Papers 320, University of Virginia, Department of Economics.
  4. Schoeni, Robert F, 1997. "Private Interhousehold Transfers of Money and Time: New Empirical Evidence," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 43(4), pages 423-48, December.
  5. Schoeni, R.F., 2000. "Support Networks within the Family As a Public Good Problem," Papers, RAND - Labor and Population Program 00-06, RAND - Labor and Population Program.
  6. François-Charles Wolff, 2000. "Les transferts versés aux enfants et aux parents : altruisme ou échange intertemporel?," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 142(1), pages 67-91.
  7. Steven Stern & Bridget Hiedemann, 1999. "Strategic Play Among Family Members When Making Long-Term Care Decisions," Virginia Economics Online Papers 321, University of Virginia, Department of Economics.
  8. Cigno, Alessandro, 1993. "Intergenerational transfers without altruism : Family, market and state," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 505-518, November.
  9. McGarry, K. & Schoeni, R.F., 1995. "Transfer Behavior With the Family: Results from the Asset and Health Dynamics Survey," Papers, RAND - Labor and Population Program 95-09, RAND - Labor and Population Program.
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Cited by:
  1. Roméo Fontaine & Agnès Gramain & Jérôme Wittwer, 2007. "Family Assistance Configurations for Dependent Older People in Europe," Economie et Statistique, Institut National de la Statistique et des Etudes Economiques, vol. 403, pages 97-115, December.
  2. Roméo Fontaine & Agnès Gramain & Jérôme Wittwer, 2007. "Les configurations d'aide familiales mobilisées autour des personnes âgées dépendantes en Europe," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, Programme National Persée, vol. 403(1), pages 97-115.
  3. Mohamed JELLAL & François-Charles WOLFF, 2005. "Dynamique des transferts intergénérationnels et effet de démonstration," Annales d'Economie et de Statistique, ENSAE, issue 77, pages 81-107.
  4. Fontaine, Roméo & Gramain, Agnès & Wittwer, Jérôme, 2009. "Providing care for an elderly parent: interactions among siblings?," Economics Papers from University Paris Dauphine 123456789/13781, Paris Dauphine University.
  5. repec:dau:papers:123456789/1879 is not listed on IDEAS

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