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The Causality between Revenues and Expenditure of the Federal and Provincial Governments of Pakistan

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  • Tahir Sadiq

    (Department of Economics, Beaconhouse National University, Lahore)

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    Abstract

    This paper aims to identify the strategy for fiscal deficit reduction by studying the causal relationship between federal and provincial taxes and expenditure using the Granger Causality test for the period 1980-81 to 2009-10. The results indicate the absence of a strong causality in either direction between tax revenues and expenditure, thereby highlighting the weaknesses of fiscal management in the country.

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    File URL: http://www.pide.org.pk/pdf/PDR/2010/Volume4/651-662.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Pakistan Institute of Development Economics in its journal The Pakistan Development Review.

    Volume (Year): 49 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 651–662

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    Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:49:y:2010:i:4:p:651-662

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    1. Henning Bohn, . "Budget Balance Through Revenue or Spending Adjustments ? Some Historical Evidence for the United States (Reprint 013)," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 03-91, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.
    2. von Furstenberg, George M & Green, R Jeffrey & Jeong, Jin-Ho, 1986. "Tax and Spend, or Spend and Tax?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 68(2), pages 179-88, May.
    3. Bohn, Henning, 1991. "Budget balance through revenue or spending adjustments? : Some historical evidence for the United States," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(3), pages 333-359, June.
    4. Barro, Robert J., 1979. "On the Determination of the Public Debt," Scholarly Articles 3451400, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    5. Payne, James E, 1998. " The Tax-Spend Debate: Time Series Evidence from State Budgets," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 95(3-4), pages 307-20, June.
    6. Michael Marlow & Neela Manage, 1987. "Expenditures and receipts: Testing for causality in state and local government finances," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 53(3), pages 243-255, January.
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