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Spending Cuts or Tax Adjustments: How Can UEMOA Countries Control Their Budget Deficits?

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  • Yaya Keho

    (Ecole Nationale Superieure de Statistique et d'Economie Appliquee, Cote d'Ivoire and Economic Policy Analysis Centre, Cote d'Ivoire)

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    Abstract

    This paper uses cointegration and Granger causality tests to examine the relationship between government revenue and government expenditure for seven African countries over the period 1980 to 2007. Using the bounds testing approach to cointegration, our empirical results suggest that for six out of the seven countries the two fiscal variables are cointegrated. Our results on the direction of causation support the fiscal synchronization hypothesis for Benin, Burkina Faso, Niger, and Senegal in the long-run and for Cote d'Ivoire and Mali in both the short- and long-run. Burkina Faso and Niger are in conformity with the tax-and-spend hypothesis in the short-run while Senegal and Togo follow a spend-and-tax scheme. Our findings suggest that, to control their budget deficits, Burkina Faso, Mali, and Niger should look for ways to raise revenues, while policymakers in Benin, Cote d'Ivoire, and Senegal should curtail expenditures. Togo should try to raise revenues and control public spending simultaneously.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by College of Business, and College of Finance, Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan in its journal International Journal of Business and Economics.

    Volume (Year): 9 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 3 (December)
    Pages: 233-252

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    Handle: RePEc:ijb:journl:v:9:y:2010:i:3:p:233-252

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    Postal: 100 Wenhwa Road, Seatwen, Taichung
    Web page: http://www.ijbe.org/
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    Related research

    Keywords: government revenues; government expenditures; budget deficit; cointegration; causality;

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    References

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