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Do Gun Buybacks Save Lives? Evidence from Panel Data

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  • Christine Neill

Abstract

In 1997, Australia implemented a gun buyback program that reduced the stock of firearms by around one-fifth (and nearly halved the number of gun-owning households). Using differences across states, we test whether the reduction in firearms availability affected homicide and suicide rates. We find that the buyback led to a drop in the firearm suicide rates of almost 80%, with no significant effect on non-firearm death rates. The effect on firearm homicides is of similar magnitude but is less precise. The results are robust to a variety of specification checks and to instrumenting the state-level buyback rate. Copyright 2010, Oxford University Press.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Oxford University Press in its journal American Law and Economics Review.

Volume (Year): 12 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 ()
Pages: 462-508

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Handle: RePEc:oup:amlawe:v:12:y:2010:i:2:p:462-508

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Cited by:
  1. Ours, J.C. van & Vollaard, B.A., 2013. "The Engine Immobilizer: a Non-Starter For Car Thieves," Discussion Paper 2013-004, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  2. Gregory E. Goering, 2011. "Gun Buybacks and Firm Behavior: Do Buyback Programs Really Reduce the Number of Guns?," Review of Economics & Finance, Better Advances Press, Canada, vol. 1, pages 31-42, February.
  3. Briggs, Justin Thomas & Tabarrok, Alexander, 2014. "Firearms and suicides in US states," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 180-188.

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