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Financing and Taxing New Firms under Asymmetric Information

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Author Info

  • Robin Boadway
  • Michael Keen

Abstract

This paper uses a sequence of models to study the efficiency of credit-market equilibria, and the scope for welfare-improving policy interventions, when financial intermediaries cannot observe the riskiness or returns of potential investment projects by new firms. It is first shown that when only loan financing is available there is a systematic tendency towards overinvestment in high-return, high-risk projects and underinvestment in low-return, low-risk projectsrelative to the social optimum [this encompasses the well-known results of Stiglitz and Weiss (1981) and de Meza and Webb (1987) as special cases]. The ambiguity is mitigated, however, if firms have access to equity financing: there is then (under reasonable conditions) unambiguously overinvestment. Policy implications are developed, and the results extended to allow for screening and signaling equilibria.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen in its journal FinanzArchiv.

Volume (Year): 62 (2006)
Issue (Month): 4 (December)
Pages: 471-502

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Handle: RePEc:mhr:finarc:urn:sici:0015-2218(200612)62:4_471:fatnfu_2.0.tx_2-g

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Related research

Keywords: credit markets; asymmetric information;

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Cited by:
  1. Tuomas Takalo & Otto Toivanen, 2012. "Entrepreneurship, Financiership, and Selection," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 114(2), pages 601-628, 06.
  2. Robin Boadway & Motohiro Sato, 2011. "Entrepreneurship and asymmetric information in input markets," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 18(2), pages 166-192, April.
  3. Keuschnigg, Christian & Ribi, Evelyn, 2010. "Profit Taxation, Innovation and the Financing of Heterogeneous Firms," CEPR Discussion Papers 7626, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  4. Takalo, Tuomas & Tanayama, Tanja, 2008. "Adverse selection and financing of innovation: is there a need for R&D subsidies?," Research Discussion Papers 19/2008, Bank of Finland.
  5. Braido, Luis & da Costa, Carlos & Dahlby, Bev, 2009. "Adverse Selection and Risk Aversion in Capital Markets," Working Papers 2009-15, University of Alberta, Department of Economics, revised 24 Mar 2009.
  6. Tuomas Takalo, 2012. "Rationales and Instruments for Public Innovation Policies," Journal of Reviews on Global Economics, Lifescience Global, vol. 1, pages 157-167.
  7. Vesa Kanniainen & Panu Poutvaara, 2007. "Imperfect Transmission of Tacit Knowledge and other Barriers to Entrepreneurship," CESifo Working Paper Series 2053, CESifo Group Munich.
  8. Vesa Kanniainen & Mikko Leppämäki, 2009. "Union power, entrepreneurial risk, and entrepreneurship," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 33(3), pages 293-302, October.

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