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Tax-Favored Retirement Accounts: Are they Efficient in Increasing Savings and Growth?

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  • Hans Fehr
  • Christian Habermann
  • Fabian Kindermann

Abstract

The paper aims to assess tax-favored retirement accounts in a general-equilibrium overlapping-generations economy with idiosyncratic income risk and borrowing constraints. Our simulations indicate that tax-favored retirement accounts as implemented in many OECD countries will have a significant impact on savings and transitional capital accumulation. In our most preferred specification, the latter will rise by roughly 6%, while about 22% of retirement account contributions are additional savings. While existing generations are worse off, future generations benefit significantly from higher bequests, higher wages, and lower tax burdens. However, since the reform also alters the insurance provision of the tax system, aggregate efficiency effects are mostly either negative or insignificant. Finally, it turns out that withdrawal penalties and tax-exempted accounts have positive growth and distributional implications.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen in its journal FinanzArchiv.

Volume (Year): 64 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 (June)
Pages: 171-198

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Handle: RePEc:mhr:finarc:urn:sici:0015-2218(200806)64:2_171:traate_2.0.tx_2-t

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Keywords: savings incentives; stochastic general-equilibrium models;

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Cited by:
  1. Jarkko Harju, 2009. "Voluntary pension savings: the effects of the Finnish tax reform on savers' behaviour," Working Papers 7, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).
  2. Simonovits, András, 2009. "Az önkéntes nyugdíjrendszer egy egyszerű modellje
    [A simple model of tax-favoured retirement accounts]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(10), pages 851-865.
  3. Hans Fehr & Christian Habermann, 2008. "Private Retirement Savings in Germany: The Structure of Tax Incentives and Annuitization," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 133, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
  4. Andras Simonovits, 2009. "A Simple Model of Tax-Favored Retirement Accounts," IEHAS Discussion Papers 0915, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
  5. George Kudrna & Alan Woodland, 2012. "Macroeconomic and Welfare Effects of the 2010 Changes to Mandatory Superannuation," Working Papers 201210, ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR), Australian School of Business, University of New South Wales.
  6. Hans Fehr, 2009. "Computable Stochastic Equilibrium Models and Their Use in Pension- and Ageing Research," De Economist, Springer, vol. 157(4), pages 359-416, December.
  7. Hans Fehr & Fabian Kindermann, 2009. "Pension funding and individual accounts in economies with life-cyclers and myopes," Working Papers 2009/23, Institut d'Economia de Barcelona (IEB).
  8. Hans Fehr & Christian Habermann, 2010. "Private retirement savings and mandatory annuitization," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 17(6), pages 640-661, December.
  9. George Kudrna & Alan Woodland, 2012. "Progressive Tax Changes to Private Pensions in a Life-Cycle Framework," Working Papers 201209, ARC Centre of Excellence in Population Ageing Research (CEPAR), Australian School of Business, University of New South Wales.
  10. Richard Ochmann, 2014. "Differential income taxation and household asset allocation," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(8), pages 880-894, March.
  11. Jarkko Harju, 2012. "Voluntary pension savings and tax incentives: Evidence from Finland," Working Papers 33, Government Institute for Economic Research Finland (VATT).

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