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Meeting Radical Change and Regional Transition: Regional Closedowns and the Role of Entrepreneurship

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  • Yvonne von Friedrichs

    (Mid Sweden University, Sweden)

  • Hakan Boter

    (Umea University, Sweden)

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    Abstract

    The aim of this paper is to describe and analyze the effects of radical changes within regions by providing an empirical base from 12 Swedish municipalities from different regions. The specific focus of the paper is the role of entrepreneurship, both as an opportunity-seeking activity in order to find and develop new business undertakings, as well as entrepreneurship as a perspective for supporting activities in the public or private spheres. The results are based on interviews and surveys, secondary data, information from regional governments, municipal websites and also from other public information channels. Two questions were raised in analysing the case: (1) What types of contextual factors are of strategic importance when regions are challenged by radical change, and what role do these factors have in a regional restructuring and development process? (2) What types of policy and support measures are productive for entrepreneurial activities in regions when adaptation to radical change is required? The results presented by the study provide insight into how the development of local economies is affected when conditions change in a region due to the closure of a major public workplace. The paper also tries to present opportunities through which municipalities are able to prepare for and take action to help entrepreneurial activity face ongoing structural change and a globalized local economy.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by University of Primorska, Faculty of Management Koper in its journal Managing Global Transitions.

    Volume (Year): 7 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 99-122

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    Handle: RePEc:mgt:youmgt:v:7:y:2009:i:2:p:099-122

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    Related research

    Keywords: radical change; regional transition; entrepreneurship; restructure; strategies; closedowns;

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    References

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    1. Sam Youl Lee & Richard Florida & Zoltan Acs, 2004. "Creativity and Entrepreneurship: A Regional Analysis of New Firm Formation," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(8), pages 879-891.
    2. Asheim, Bjørn & Coenen, Lars, 2005. "The Role of Regional Innovation Systems in a Globalizing Economy: Comparing Knowledge Bases and Institutional Frameworks in Nordic Clusters," CIRCLE Electronic Working Papers 2005/3, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    3. Wigblad, Rune, 1995. "Community turnarounds in declining company towns: A restructuring model," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 24(3), pages 463-475.
    4. Arne Isaksen & Bjørn T. Asheim, . "Location, agglomeration and innovation: Towards regional innovation systems in Norway?," STEP Report series 199613, The STEP Group, Studies in technology, innovation and economic policy.
    5. Antoncic, Bostjan & Hisrich, Robert D., 2001. "Intrapreneurship: Construct refinement and cross-cultural validation," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 16(5), pages 495-527, September.
    6. Simon C. Parker, 2005. "Explaining Regional Variations in Entrepreneurship as Multiple Occupational Equilibria," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45(4), pages 829-850.
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