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Spatially Varying Relationships of New Firm Formation in the United States

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  • Shaoming Cheng
  • Huaqun Li
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    Abstract

    Cheng S. and Li H. Spatially varying relationships of new firm formation in the United States, Regional Studies. This paper seeks to examine spatially varying relationships between new firm formation and its determinants across US counties. A geographically weighted regression (GWR) technique is calibrated with firm birth data in ten separate industries over the period 2001-2003. Results of GWR analysis support the existence of spatially varying relationships and show significant local variations, in magnitudes and/or signs, of new business creation in all the ten sectors investigated. The local variations were masked in traditional ordinary least-squares (OLS) global analysis. This paper is also intended to inform policy-makers and professionals about location-specific relationships and reject 'one-size-fits-all' public policies. [image omitted] Cheng S. et Li H. La variation geographique des rapports de la creation des nouvelles entreprises aux Etats-Unis, Regional Studies. Cet article cherche a examiner la variation geographique des rapports entre la creation des nouvelles entreprises et ses determinants a travers les comtes des Etats-Unis. Une technique de regression geographiquement ponderee est calibree avec des donnees sur la creation d'entreprise pour ce qui est de dix industries differentes entre 2001 et 2003. Les resultats de l'analyse confirment la presence des rapports qui varient suivant l'emplacement geographique et qui demontrent des variations de la creation d'entreprise dans tous les dix secteurs examines, a la fois en importance et/ou en signes. Pour ce qui concerne la methode des moindres carres, les variations locales etaient voiles. Cet article cherche aussi a informer les decideurs et les professionnels des rapports specifiques a un endroit donne et a repousser des politiques 'uniformes'. Esprit d'entreprise Creation d'entreprise Heterogeneite geographique Regression geographiquement ponderee Cheng S. und Li H. Raumlich variable Beziehungen von Firmengrundungen in den USA, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag untersuchen wir raumlich variable Beziehungen zwischen Firmengrundungen und ihren Determinanten in verschiedenen Bezirken der USA. Anhand der Daten von Firmengrundungen in zehn verschiedenen Branchen im Zeitraum von 2001 bis 2003 wird eine geografisch gewichtete Regression (GWR) kalibriert. Die Ergebnisse der GWR-Analyse sprechen fur die Existenz von raumlich variablen Beziehungen und weisen in allen zehn untersuchten Sektoren hinsichtlich des Umfangs und/oder der Anzeichen von Firmengrundungen signifikante lokale Abweichungen auf. Bei einer herkommlichen globalen OLS-Analyse bleiben diese lokalen Abweichungen verborgen. Mit diesem Beitrag sollen auch Politiker und Experten uber standortspezifische Beziehungen informiert werden; gleichzeitig versteht sich der Beitrag als Kritik an pauschal gestalteten offentlichen Politiken. Unternehmertum Firmengrundung Raumliche Heterogenitat Geografisch gewichtete Regression (GWR) Cheng S. y Li H. Relaciones que varian espacialmente en la formacion de nuevas empresas en los Estados Unidos, Regional Studies. El objetivo de este articulo es analizar las relaciones que varian espacialmente entre la formacion de nuevas empresas y sus determinantes en los diferentes condados de los Estados Unidos. Se calibra una tecnica de regresiones ponderadas geograficamente (RPG) con los datos de nacimiento de las empresas en diez industrias por separado durante el periodo de 2001 a 2003. Los resultados del analisis de la regresion ponderada geograficamente apoyan la existencia de relaciones que varian espacialmente y muestran significantes variaciones locales, segun magnitudes o signos, en la creacion de nuevas empresas en los diez sectores investigados. Las variaciones locales fueron enmascaradas en el tradicional analisis global de la regresion por minimos cuadrados ordinarios. Con este articulo tambien queremos informar a politicos y profesionales de las relaciones inherentes a la localizacion y rechazar la politicas publicas con un enfoque unico. Empresariado Formacion de nuevas empresas Heterogeneidad espacial Regresion ponderada geograficamente

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 45 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 6 ()
    Pages: 773-789

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:6:p:773-789

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    Related research

    Keywords: Entrepreneurship; New firm formation; Spatial heterogeneity; Geographically weighted regression (GWR);

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