Taxes on cars and Gasoline to Control of Air Pollution: Suggested Models for Bangladesh
AbstractThe main aim of this paper is to investigate some policies that would influence people to drive fewer miles and to buy smaller cars, better pollution control equipment, and cleaner fuel. An attempt has been made to quote the vehicle tax rates of Bangladesh. Introduction: Despite technological advances, the emissions of cars’ still can not be measured reliably enough to impose a Pigovian tax. Literature review: Literature review reveals that the gas tax depends on fuel type, engine size and pollution control equipment. A vehicle tax depends on mileage or a combination of uniform tax rates on gasoline and engine size with a subsidy to pollution control equipment. Methods: this study, suggested two models, which first considers homogenous consumers and then considers for heterogeneous consumers that differ by income and two taste parameters, one for miles and other for vehicle size. Conclusion: Yet Bangladesh has not impose emission taxes on vehicles properly; as a result the air pollutions in large cities increasing dangerously. Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh is one of the dangerously polluted cities of the world. Suggestions: The government of Bangladesh should take immediate steps to impose emission taxes on vehicles according to guidelines of this paper to apply the taxes on vehicles
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Department of Business Administration in its journal Indus Journal of Management & Social Science (IJMSS).
Volume (Year): 5 (2011)
Issue (Month): 2 (June)
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Vehicle Emission; Pigovian Tax; Social Welfare;
Find related papers by JEL classification:
- E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
- H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
- H23 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Externalities; Redistributive Effects; Environmental Taxes and Subsidies
- I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
- Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects
- Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
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- Fullerton Don & West Sarah E, 2010.
"Tax and Subsidy Combinations for the Control of Car Pollution,"
The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy,
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- Fullerton, Don & West, Sarah E., 2002.
"Can Taxes on Cars and on Gasoline Mimic an Unavailable Tax on Emissions?,"
Journal of Environmental Economics and Management,
Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 135-157, January.
- Don Fullerton & Sarah West, 1999. "Can Taxes on Cars and on Gasoline Mimic an Unavailable Tax on Emissions?," NBER Working Papers 7059, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Hoel, Michael, 1998. " Emission Taxes versus Other Environmental Policies," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 100(1), pages 79-104, March.
- Mohajan, Haradhan, 2011. "Optimal Environmental Taxes Due to Health Effect," MPRA Paper 50672, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 17 Apr 2011.
- Haradhan Kumar Mohajan, 2011. "Optimal Environmental Taxes Due to Health Effect," KASBIT Journal of Management & Social Science, Khadim Ali Shah Bukhari Institute of Technology (KASBIT), vol. 4, pages 1-19, December.
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