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Imperfect Product Testing and Market Size

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  • Mason, Charles F
  • Sterbenz, Frederic P

Abstract

The authors consider an imperfect test of product quality and ask how it interacts with adverse selection to affect market size. Although one might expect adverse selection to be mitigated, there are scenarios where it is exacerbated. Also, two counterintuitive comparative static results emerge. First, a small increase in the test cost can increase the equilibrium expected profits earned by sellers of higher quality units and so expand the market. Second, the equilibrium expected profits earned by sellers with lower quality units can be increased by a small improvement in the accuracy of an imperfect test. Copyright 1994 by Economics Department of the University of Pennsylvania and the Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association in its journal International Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 35 (1994)
Issue (Month): 1 (February)
Pages: 61-86

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Handle: RePEc:ier:iecrev:v:35:y:1994:i:1:p:61-86

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Cited by:
  1. Dimitri, Carolyn & Lichtenberg, Erik, 2002. "Quality Inspection, Adverse Selection And Trade In Perishable Commodities," Working Papers 28579, University of Maryland, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
  2. Dimitri, Carolyn & Lichtenberg, Erik, 2000. "Verification In Contracts With Random Changes In Quality," Working Papers 28565, University of Maryland, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
  3. Mason, Charles F. & Gottesman, Aron A. & Prevost, Andrew K., 2003. "Shareholder intervention, managerial resistance, and corporate control: a Nash equilibrium approach," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 43(3), pages 466-482.
  4. Carriquiry, Miguel A. & Babcock, Bruce A., 2005. "Reputations, Market Structure, and the Choice of Quality Assurance Systems in the Food Industry," 2005 Annual meeting, July 24-27, Providence, RI 19549, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
  5. J. M. Crespi & S. Marette, 1999. "Cartel stability and suality signalling," THEMA Working Papers 99-29, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  6. Charles Mason, 2011. "Eco-Labeling and Market Equilibria with Noisy Certification Tests," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 48(4), pages 537-560, April.
  7. Stéphan Marette & John Crespi, 2003. "Can Quality Certification Lead to Stable Cartels?," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, vol. 23(1), pages 43-64, August.
  8. Mason, Charles F., 2001. "Minimum wages and information," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 53(2-3), pages 153-170.
  9. Yiquan Gu, 2008. "Imperfect Certification," Ruhr Economic Papers 0078, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
  10. Stéphan Marette, 2007. "Minimum safety standard, consumers’ information and competition," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 32(3), pages 259-285, December.
  11. Chalfant, James A. & James, Jennifer S. & Lavoie, Nathalie & Sexton, Richard J., 1999. "Asymmetric Grading Error And Adverse Selection: Lemons In The California Prune Industry," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 24(01), July.
  12. Crespi, John M. & Marette, Stephan, 2003. "Some Economic Implications Of Public Labeling," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 34(03), November.

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