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On the Empirics of the Non-neutrality of Money: Evidence from Developed Countries

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  • Petr Duczynski

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    (Faculty of Informatics and Management, University of Hradec Králové)

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    Abstract

    The paper examines the cyclical behavior of money and prices in a sample of developed countries dating from 1951 to 1990. Evident in the data is a tendency toward an average countercyclical behavior of the price level and a weakly procyclical behavior of nominal monetary aggregates. For money (M1) and money plus quasi-money (M2), correlation coefficients between the real per capita output growth rate and the half lag in the money growth rate are higher on average than correlation coefficients between the real per capita output growth rate and the half lead in the money growth rate, thus indicating that money changes precede output changes. There is at least some evidence that M2 is more strongly associated with real output M1 or high-powered money (M0). As opposed to developed countries, high-inflation Latin American countries exhibit a countercyclical behavior of money.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences in its journal Finance a uver - Czech Journal of Economics and Finance.

    Volume (Year): 55 (2005)
    Issue (Month): 5-6 (May)
    Pages: 267-282

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    Handle: RePEc:fau:fauart:v:55:y:2005:i:5-6:p:267-282

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    Keywords: consumer prices; half-lag and half-lead growth rates; nominal monetary aggregates; real output per capita;

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    1. Milton Friedman, 1961. "The Lag in Effect of Monetary Policy," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 69, pages 447.
    2. King, Robert G & Plosser, Charles I, 1984. "Money, Credit, and Prices in a Real Business Cycle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 363-80, June.
    3. David K. Backus & Patrick J. Kehoe, 1992. "International Evidence on the Historical Properties of Business Cycles," Working Papers 92-5, New York University, Leonard N. Stern School of Business, Department of Economics.
    4. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1972. "Expectations and the neutrality of money," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 4(2), pages 103-124, April.
    5. Tobin, James, 1970. "Money and Income: Post Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 84(2), pages 301-17, May.
    6. Barro, Robert J., 1976. "Rational expectations and the role of monetary policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(1), pages 1-32, January.
    7. Kormendi, Roger C & Meguire, Philip G, 1984. "Cross-Regime Evidence of Macroeconomic Rationality," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 92(5), pages 875-908, October.
    8. Lucas, Robert E, Jr, 1973. "Some International Evidence on Output-Inflation Tradeoffs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(3), pages 326-34, June.
    9. Fischer, Stanley, 1979. "Anticipations and the Nonneutrality of Money," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(2), pages 225-52, April.
    10. Eswar Prasad & Bankim Chadha, 1992. "Are Prices Countercyclical?," IMF Working Papers 92/88, International Monetary Fund.
    11. Smith, R Todd, 1992. "The Cyclical Behavior of Prices," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 24(4), pages 413-30, November.
    12. Summers, Robert & Heston, Alan, 1991. "The Penn World Table (Mark 5): An Expanded Set of International Comparisons, 1950-1988," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 106(2), pages 327-68, May.
    13. Wogin, Gillian, 1980. "Unemployment and monetary policy under rational expectations : Some Canadian evidence," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 59-68, January.
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