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The development ethics approach to international development

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  • Nikos Astroulakis

Abstract

Purpose – Development ethics is an important topic which is often neglected in development studies. The purpose of the paper is to analyze international development in an ethical-based context using the approach of development ethics. Design/methodology/approach – The analysis is mainly based on the pioneering work of the prominent development ethicists and the founder of development ethics as self-conscious area – Denis Goulet – along with recent development ethics literature. In this context, international development is approached under a holistic ethical manner. Findings – Development ethicists reduce the gap between a conventional perspective of development and the real needs of humankind. In contrast to mainstream economics view, for development ethics the true indicator of development is not growth in a narrow sense of material expansion of wellbeing, but the qualitative enrichment of human beings in all relevant aspects of human life. International development is preserved as an effort to a better life for individuals and to a good global society for nations. Research limitations/implications – If research is reported on in the paper, this section must be completed and should include suggestions for future research and any identified limitations in the research process. Social implications – The proposed ethical goals and strategies are normative judgments which provide both the notional and practical framework within which international development should be discussed and policy recommendations could be formulated. Originality/value – The notion of development is redefined on ethical foundations. A conceptual typology of the development ethics goals and strategies to international development is offered. The paper can be perceived as a point of departure that scholars and students of international development and development economics in broad, from both perspectives (orthodox and heterodox), can be incorporated with ethical matters to international development and benefit from it.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Emerald Group Publishing in its journal International Journal of Development Issues.

Volume (Year): 10 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
Pages: 214-232

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Handle: RePEc:eme:ijdipp:v:10:y:2011:i:3:p:214-232

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Related research

Keywords: Development; Development ethics; Ethical goals; Ethical strategies; Ethics; International development;

References

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  1. Qizilbash, M., 1995. "Ethical development," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 9512, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
  2. Goulet, Denis, 1989. "Participation in development: New avenues," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 165-178, February.
  3. Goulet, Denis, 1992. "Development indicators: A research problem, a policy problem," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 245-260.
  4. Crocker, David A., 1991. "Toward development ethics," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 19(5), pages 457-483, May.
  5. Hirschman, Albert O., 1985. "Against Parsimony: Three Easy Ways of Complicating some Categories of Economic Discourse," Economics and Philosophy, Cambridge University Press, vol. 1(01), pages 7-21, April.
  6. Sen, Amartya K, 1980. "Description as Choice," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 32(3), pages 353-69, November.
  7. Boulding, Kenneth E, 1969. "Economics as a Moral Science," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(1), pages 1-12, March.
  8. John Marangos & Nikos Astroulakis, 2010. "The Aristotelian Contribution to Development Ethics," Journal of Economic Issues, M.E. Sharpe, Inc., vol. 44(2), pages 551-558, June.
  9. Crocker,David A., 2008. "Ethics of Global Development," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521885195, 9.
  10. Hausman, Daniel M & McPherson, Michael S, 1993. "Taking Ethics Seriously: Economics and Contemporary Moral Philosophy," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 31(2), pages 671-731, June.
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