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Job attitudes and absenteeism: A study in the English speaking Caribbean

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  • Punnett, Betty Jane
  • Greenidge, Dion
  • Ramsey, Jase
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    Abstract

    This paper examines the relationships of job attitudes (facets of job satisfaction and organizational commitment) and personality characteristics to absenteeism, in five manufacturing companies in Barbados, an English-speaking Caribbean country. The relationships examined are based on well-established theories from the developed world, especially the USA. In addition, individualism, uncertainty avoidance, and power distance were measured. The results show that an employee's levels of satisfaction with co-workers, activity, responsibility, and job security, as well as loyalty to the organization, are related to absenteeism. These results are similar to those found in past research in the developed world. The most important single predictor of absence was satisfaction with co-workers. Respondents were moderate on individualism, high on uncertainty avoidance, and low on power distance. The cultural scores are used to help interpret the results. The implications of the results are discussed in terms of expanding the reach of an established theory, and relative to decreasing absenteeism in Barbados.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of World Business.

    Volume (Year): 42 (2007)
    Issue (Month): 2 (June)
    Pages: 214-227

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:worbus:v:42:y:2007:i:2:p:214-227

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    Related research

    Keywords: Job satisfaction Organizational commitment Personality characteristics Cultural values Absenteeism;

    References

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    1. Hackett, Rick D. & Guion, Robert M., 1985. "A reevaluation of the absenteeism-job satisfaction relationship," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 340-381, June.
    2. Leigh, J. Paul, 1985. "The effects of unemployment and the business cycle on absenteeism," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 37(2), pages 159-170, May.
    3. Rabinra N Kanungo & Richard W Wright, 1983. "A Cross-Cultural Comparative Study of Managerial Job Attitudes," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 14(2), pages 115-129, June.
    4. Michael H Morris & Duane L Davis & Jeffrey W Allen, 1994. "Fostering Corporate Entrepreneurship: Cross-Cultural Comparisons of the Importance of Individualism Versus Collectivism," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 25(1), pages 65-89, March.
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