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Beliefs about work in the Middle East and the convergence versus divergence of values


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  • Robertson, Christopher J.
  • Al-Khatib, Jamal A.
  • Al-Habib, Mohammed
  • Lanoue, Darryl
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    In this paper, 365 managers and employees from Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, and Oman are queried about their work-related beliefs to determine the extent to which any of these countries may be experiencing a shift in cultural values. Results from the testing of various convergence versus divergence based hypotheses suggest that Saudi Arabia is more steadfast in its work beliefs while Kuwait and Oman appear to be more susceptible to influences by external forces.

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    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of World Business.

    Volume (Year): 36 (2001)
    Issue (Month): 3 (October)
    Pages: 223-244

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:worbus:v:36:y:2001:i:3:p:223-244

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    1. Puffer, Sheila M. & McCarthy, Daniel J. & Naumov, Alexander I., 1997. "Russian managers' beliefs about work: Beyond the stereotypes," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 258-276, October.
    2. Bodo B Schlegelmilch & Diana C Robertson, 1995. "The influence of Country and Industry on Ethical Perceptions of Senior Executives in the U.S. and Europe," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 26(4), pages 859-881, December.
    3. Nancy J Adler, 1983. "A Typology of Management Studies Involving Culture," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 14(2), pages 29-47, June.
    4. Cristina B Gibson, 1995. "An Investigation of Gender Differences in Leadership Across Four Countries," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 26(2), pages 255-279, June.
    5. Lane Kelley & Arthur Whatley & Reginald Worthley, 1987. "Assessing the Effects of Culture on Managerial Attitudes: A Three-Culture Test," Journal of International Business Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 18(2), pages 17-31, June.
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    Cited by:
    1. Robertson, Christopher J. & Diyab, Abdulhamid A. & Al-Kahtani, Ali, 2013. "A cross-national analysis of perceptions of corporate governance principles," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 315-325.
    2. Ralston, David A. & Egri, Carolyn P. & Riddle, Liesl & Butt, Arif & Dalgic, Tevfik & Brock, David M., 2012. "Managerial values in the greater Middle East: Similarities and differences across seven countries," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(3), pages 480-492.
    3. Rice, Gillian, 2003. "The challenge of creativity and culture: a framework for analysis with application to Arabian Gulf firms," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 12(4), pages 461-477, August.
    4. Tim Andrews & Nartnalin Chompusri, 2005. "Temporal Dynamics of Crossvergence: Institutionalizing MNC Integration Strategies in Post-Crisis ASEAN," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, vol. 22(1), pages 5-22, January.
    5. Jallat, Frédéric & Shultz, Clifford J., 2011. "Lebanon: From cataclysm to opportunity—Crisis management lessons for MNCs in the tourism sector of the Middle East," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 46(4), pages 476-486, October.
    6. Ebrahim Soltani & Jawad Syed & Ying-Ying Liao & Nasrollah Shahi-Sough, 2012. "Tackling one-sidedness in equality and diversity research: Characteristics of the current dominant approach to managing diverse workgroups in Iran," Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 9-37, March.


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