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Estimating the Impacts of Bolivia’s Protected Areas on Poverty

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Author Info

  • Canavire-Bacarreza, Gustavo
  • Hanauer, Merlin M.

Abstract

Bolivia has experienced a rapid proliferation of protected areas over the past several decades. Using rich biophysical and socioeconomic data, we estimate the impacts of Bolivia’s protected areas on poverty between 1992 and 2001. We find no evidence that the establishment of protected areas exacerbated poverty. In fact, we provide robust estimates indicating that communities affected by protected areas exhibited differentially greater levels of poverty reduction as compared to similar unaffected communities. Our results add to the growing body of evidence that environmental conservation does not necessarily come at the expense of local communities.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal World Development.

Volume (Year): 41 (2013)
Issue (Month): C ()
Pages: 265-285

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Handle: RePEc:eee:wdevel:v:41:y:2013:i:c:p:265-285

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/worlddev

Related research

Keywords: poverty; protected areas; impacts; program evaluation; South America; Bolivia;

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References

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  1. Imbens, Guido W. & Wooldridge, Jeffrey M., 2008. "Recent Developments in the Econometrics of Program Evaluation," IZA Discussion Papers 3640, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Filmer, Deon & Pritchett, Lant, 1998. "Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data - or tears : with an application to educational enrollments in states of India," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1994, The World Bank.
  3. Robalino, Juan & Villalobos-Fiatt, Laura, 2010. "Conservation Policies and Labor Markets: Unraveling the Effects of National Parks on Local Wages in Costa Rica," Discussion Papers dp-10-02-efd, Resources For the Future.
  4. David J. Lewis & Gary L. Hunt & DAndrew J. Plantinga, 2002. "Public Conservation Land and Employment Growth in the Northern Forest Region," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 78(2), pages 245-259.
  5. Paul Ferraro & Merlin Hanauer, 2011. "Protecting Ecosystems and Alleviating Poverty with Parks and Reserves: ‘Win-Win’ or Tradeoffs?," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 48(2), pages 269-286, February.
  6. Pfaff Alexander & Robalino Juan & Sanchez-Azofeifa G. Arturo & Andam Kwaw S & Ferraro Paul J, 2009. "Park Location Affects Forest Protection: Land Characteristics Cause Differences in Park Impacts across Costa Rica," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 9(2), pages 1-26, July.
  7. Romina Cavatassi & Benjamin Davis & Leslie Lipper, 2004. "Estimating Poverty Over Time and Space: Construction of a time-variant poverty index for Costa Rica," Working Papers 04-21, Agricultural and Development Economics Division of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO - ESA).
  8. Robalino, Juan A., 2007. "Land conservation policies and income distribution: who bears the burden of our environmental efforts?," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(04), pages 521-533, August.
  9. Sims, Katharine R.E., 2010. "Conservation and development: Evidence from Thai protected areas," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 60(2), pages 94-114, September.
  10. David J. Lewis & Gary L. Hunt & Andrew J. Plantinga, 2003. "Does Public Lands Policy Affect Local Wage Growth?," Growth and Change, Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky, vol. 34(1), pages 64-86.
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Citations

Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. Estimating the Impacts of Bolivia's Protected Areas on Poverty
    by Maximo Rossi in Wikiprogress América Latina on 2012-03-12 13:37:00
  2. Estimating the Impacts of Bolivia's Protected Areas on Poverty
    by Maximo Rossi in Wikiprogress América Latina on 2012-03-05 17:45:00
  3. Áreas Protegidas y Pobreza en Bolivia
    by noreply@blogger.com (Nueva Economía) in Foro para una Nueva Economía on 2012-05-02 16:34:00

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