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Park Location Affects Forest Protection: Land Characteristics Cause Differences in Park Impacts across Costa Rica

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Author Info

  • Pfaff Alexander

    ()
    (Duke University)

  • Robalino Juan

    ()
    (CATIE)

  • Sanchez-Azofeifa G. Arturo

    ()
    (University of Alberta)

  • Andam Kwaw S

    ()
    (International Food Policy Research Institute)

  • Ferraro Paul J

    ()
    (Georgia State University)

Abstract

To support conservation planning, we ask whether a park's impact on deforestation rates varies with observable land characteristics that planners could use to prioritize sites. Using matching methods to address bias from non-random location, we find deforestation impacts vary greatly due to park lands' characteristics. Avoided deforestation is greater if parks are closer to the capital city, in sites closer to national roads, and on lower slopes. In allocating scarce conservation resources, policy makers may consider many factors such as the ecosystem services provided by a site and the costs of acquiring the site. Pfaff and Sanchez 2004 claim impact can rise with a focus upon threatened land, all else equal. We provide empirical support in the context of Costa Rica's renowned park system. This insight, alongside information on eco-services and land costs, should guide investments.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by De Gruyter in its journal The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy.

Volume (Year): 9 (2009)
Issue (Month): 2 (July)
Pages: 1-26

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Handle: RePEc:bpj:bejeap:v:9:y:2009:i:2:n:5

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Cited by:
  1. Katharine Sims, 2014. "Do Protected Areas Reduce Forest Fragmentation? A Microlandscapes Approach," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 58(2), pages 303-333, June.
  2. Coria, Jessica & Robinson, Elizabeth & Smith, Henrik G. & Sterner, Thomas, 2012. "Biodiversity Conservation and Ecosystem Services Provision: Tale of Confused Objectives, Multiple Market Failures and Policy Challenges," Working Papers in Economics 546, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics.
  3. Joel Scriven, 2012. "Developing REDD+ policies and measures from the bottom-up for the buffer zones of Amazonian protected areas," Environment, Development and Sustainability, Springer, vol. 14(5), pages 745-765, October.
  4. Mueller, Valerie & Pfaff, Alexander & Peabody, John & Liu, Yaping & Smith, Kirk R., 2013. "Improving stove evaluation using survey data: Who received which intervention matters," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 301-312.
  5. Canavire Bacarreza, Gustavo Javier & Hanauer, Merlin M., 2012. "Estimating the Impacts of Bolivia's Protected Areas on Poverty," IZA Discussion Papers 6341, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  6. Albers, H.J. & Robinson, E.J.Z., 2013. "A review of the spatial economics of non-timber forest product extraction: Implications for policy," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 87-95.
  7. Lewis, Kate & Porras, Ina & Miranda, Miriam & Barton, David & Chacon, Adriana, 2012. "De Rio a Rio+ Lecciones de 20 años de experiencia en servicios ambientales en Costa Rica
    [From Rio to Rio + Lessons from 20 years of experience in environmental services in Costa Rica]
    ," MPRA Paper 43649, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Kalifi Ferretti-Gallon and Jonah Busch, 2014. "What Drives Deforestation and What Stops It? A Meta-Analysis of Spatially Explicit Econometric Studies - Working Paper 361," Working Papers 361, Center for Global Development.
  9. Pfaff, Alexander & Robalino, Juan & Lima, Eirivelthon & Sandoval, Catalina & Herrera, Luis Diego, 2014. "Governance, Location and Avoided Deforestation from Protected Areas: Greater Restrictions Can Have Lower Impact, Due to Differences in Location," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 7-20.
  10. Albers, Heidi J. & Robinson, Elizabeth J.Z., 2011. "The Trees and the Bees: Using Enforcement and Income Projects to Protect Forests and Rural Livelihoods Through Spatial Joint Production," Agricultural and Resource Economics Review, Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association, vol. 40(3), December.
  11. Robalino, Juan & Villalobos-Fiatt, Laura, 2010. "Conservation Policies and Labor Markets: Unraveling the Effects of National Parks on Local Wages in Costa Rica," Discussion Papers dp-10-02-efd, Resources For the Future.
  12. Paul Ferraro & Merlin Hanauer, 2011. "Protecting Ecosystems and Alleviating Poverty with Parks and Reserves: ‘Win-Win’ or Tradeoffs?," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 48(2), pages 269-286, February.

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