Analyzing heterogeneity and unobserved structural effects in route-switching behavior under ATIS: a dynamic kernel logit formulation
AbstractThis paper focuses on modeling unobserved effects in route-switching dynamics under advanced traveler information systems (ATIS). The analysis explicitly accounts for the presence of heterogeneity in behavior and a general stochastic pattern for the unobservables. The dynamic kernel logit (DKL) framework (also referred to as dynamic mixed logit) is proposed and applied to model route-switching dynamics (with 55 repeated decisions per user), based on data from interactive simulator experiments. In contrast to the multinomial probit framework, the DKL is well-suited for calibrating dynamic travel behavior models with a large number of panel periods. To increase computational efficiency, the proposed formulation exploits a components of variance scheme to represent the correlation of error-terms (both within-day and day-to-day). The empirical results indicate that unobserved effects account significantly for the observed variability in route-switching behavior. Among the observed effects, users' route-switching behavior is influenced by the nature, timeliness, and extent of real-time information, as also its quality. In addition, route switching is influenced by the level-of-service attributes on the alternative routes and users' prior traffic experience. Among the unobserved effects, the results present evidence of considerable heterogeneity in route switching. The significance of experience variables, and the correlation of unobservables over time and within-day, indicate the presence of dynamic learning and adjustment processes in user behavior under ATIS. Although observed and unobserved preference and response heterogeneity are all significant, the largest improvement in model fit is achieved by incorporating observed heterogeneity followed by unobserved preference and response heterogeneity respectively. These findings have significant applications in route assignment models under information, design and evaluation of ATIS products and services, and assessment of various policy measures aimed at travel demand management.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Transportation Research Part B: Methodological.
Volume (Year): 37 (2003)
Issue (Month): 9 (November)
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/548/description#description
You can help add them by filling out this form.
CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
- Lei Zhang & David Levinson, 2006. "Determinants of Route Choice and the Value of Traveler Information," Working Papers 200808, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
- Shanjiang Zhu & David Levinson & Lei Zhang, 2007. "An Agent-based Route Choice Model," Working Papers 000089, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Wendy Shamier).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.