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Dynamic model of peak period congestion

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  • Ben-Akiva, Moshe
  • Cyna, Michèle
  • de Palma, André

Abstract

This paper examines the problems of peak period traffic congestion and the analysis of alternative congestion relief methods. It presents a dynamic model of the queues and delays at a single point of traffic congestion because there is ample evidence to suggest that the major delays to users occur at bottlenecks. The model consists of a deterministic queueing model and a model of arrival rate as a function of travel time and schedule delay. A dynamic simulation model also describes the evolution of queues from day to day. The model is used to study the impacts of changes in capacity, total demand, flexibility of work start time and traffic control. Among the numerical results is a demonstration that additional capacity always significantly reduces the duration of the congestion period, but may result in a less significant improvement in maximum delays.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Transportation Research Part B: Methodological.

Volume (Year): 18 (1984)
Issue (Month): 4-5 ()
Pages: 339-355

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Handle: RePEc:eee:transb:v:18:y:1984:i:4-5:p:339-355

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Cited by:
  1. Ran, Bin & Hall, Randolph W. & Boyce, David E., 1996. "A link-based variational inequality model for dynamic departure time/route choice," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 31-46, February.
  2. Zhang, Xiaoning & Yang, Hai & Huang, Hai-Jun & Zhang, H. Michael, 2005. "Integrated scheduling of daily work activities and morning-evening commutes with bottleneck congestion," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 41-60, January.
  3. Canca, David & Zarzo, Alejandro & Algaba, Encarnación & Barrena, Eva, 2013. "Macroscopic attraction-based simulation of pedestrian mobility: A dynamic individual route-choice approach," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 231(2), pages 428-442.
  4. Wuping Xin & David Levinson, 2006. "Stochastic congestion and pricing model with endogenous departure time selection and heterogeneous travelers," Working Papers 000029, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
  5. A. de Palma & F. Marchal, 2000. "Dynamic traffic analysis with static data: some guidelines with an application to Paris," THEMA Working Papers 2000-55, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
  6. Donald K. Richter & John Griffin & Richard Arnott, 1990. "Computation of Dynamic User Equilibria in a Model of Peak Period Traffic Congestion with Heterogenous Commuters," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 198, Boston College Department of Economics.

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