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Divergent paths to commercial science: A comparison of scientists' founding and advising activities

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  • Ding, Waverly
  • Choi, Emily
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    Abstract

    This paper investigates the difference in the profiles of university scientists who have founded or advised companies. We analyzed the commercial activities of a sample of 6138 university life scientists and found that the profiles of scientists who become academic entrepreneurs are different from those who become companies' scientific advisors. Founding activity occurs earlier during a scientist's career than advising. Factors such as gender, research productivity, social networks and employer characteristics also differ in their effects on the propensity for founding and advising. In addition, regression analysis shows that being a company's scientific advisor decreases the probability of becoming an academic founder. Overall, evidence from our analysis suggests that founding and advising are two divergent paths for commercially oriented university scientists.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Research Policy.

    Volume (Year): 40 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 1 (February)
    Pages: 69-80

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:respol:v:40:y:2011:i:1:p:69-80

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/respol

    Related research

    Keywords: Academic entrepreneurship Scientific advisors Commercial science Competing risks;

    References

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    Cited by:
    1. Sauermann, Henry & Roach, Michael, 2013. "Increasing web survey response rates in innovation research: An experimental study of static and dynamic contact design features," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 273-286.
    2. Llopis,Oscar & D’Este,Pablo, 2014. "Connections Matter: How Personal Network Structure Influences Biomedical Scientists’ Engagement in Medical Innovation," INGENIO (CSIC-UPV) Working Paper Series 201402, INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), revised 07 Mar 2014.
    3. Islam, Jamal & Mohajan, Haradhan & Datta, Rajib, 2011. "Organizational models in university-industry collaboration: international perspective," MPRA Paper 50700, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 09 Oct 2011.
    4. Subramanian, Annapoornima M. & Lim, Kwanghui & Soh, Pek-Hooi, 2013. "When birds of a feather don’t flock together: Different scientists and the roles they play in biotech R&D alliances," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 595-612.

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