Heterogeneous treatment and self-selection in a wage subsidy experiment
AbstractThe Self-Sufficiency Project (SSP) is a research and demonstration project that offered a generous time-limited income supplement to randomly selected welfare applicants under two conditions. The first, the eligibility condition, required that they remain on welfare for at least 12Â months. The second, the qualification condition, required that they find a full-time job within 12Â months after establishing eligibility. In this paper we focus on a neglected and important feature of the program, namely that the financial reward for becoming qualified is inversely related to the expected wage rate. Under very simple assumptions we show that those who have a low expected wage rate have a clear incentive to establish eligibility. Empirical non-parametric evidence strongly suggests that individuals self-select into eligibility. We jointly estimate a participation equation and a wage equation that are correlated through individual random effects. Our results show that the omission of self-selectivity into qualification translates into slightly underestimated treatment effects.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Public Economics.
Volume (Year): 94 (2010)
Issue (Month): 7-8 (August)
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505578
SSP Applicant Study Heterogeneous treatment Self-selection;
Other versions of this item:
- Dany Brouillette & Guy Lacroix, 2010. "Heterogeneous Treatment and Self-Selection in a Wage Subsidy Experiment," CIRANO Working Papers 2010s-24, CIRANO.
- Brouillette, Dany & Lacroix, Guy, 2008. "Heterogeneous Treatment and Self-Selection in a Wage Subsidy Experiment," IZA Discussion Papers 3738, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
- I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
- J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
- J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
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