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Determining the optimal size of supply base with the consideration of risks of supply disruptions

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  • Sarkar, Ashutosh
  • Mohapatra, Pratap K.J.
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    Abstract

    Determining the optimal size of the supply base has haunted managers for years. A small supply base gives rise to the risk of supply disruption, whereas a large supply base increases the fixed cost. In this paper, we consider the risks of supply disruption due to occurrence of super, semi-super, and unique events in order to formulate a model to determine the optimal size of supply base. We depict the model in a decision tree-like structure and forward a tabular method of solution that obviates the need avoids evaluation of a majority of non-optimal solutions and thus overcomes the problem of dimensionality.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6VF8-4VM43YS-1/2/dfe519e9563950f45d674018be90c4b0
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal International Journal of Production Economics.

    Volume (Year): 119 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 1 (May)
    Pages: 122-135

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:proeco:v:119:y:2009:i:1:p:122-135

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ijpe

    Related research

    Keywords: Supply base Supply risk Supply disruption;

    References

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    1. Serel, Dogan A., 2008. "Inventory and pricing decisions in a single-period problem involving risky supply," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(1), pages 115-128, November.
    2. Wilson, Martha C., 2007. "The impact of transportation disruptions on supply chain performance," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(4), pages 295-320, July.
    3. Ranga V. Ramasesh & J. Keith Ord & Jack C. Hayya & Andrew Pan, 1991. "Sole Versus Dual Sourcing in Stochastic Lead-Time (s, Q) Inventory Models," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 37(4), pages 428-443, April.
    4. Ruiz-Torres, Alex J. & Mahmoodi, Farzad, 2007. "The optimal number of suppliers considering the costs of individual supplier failures," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 104-115, February.
    5. Tang, Christopher S., 2006. "Perspectives in supply chain risk management," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 103(2), pages 451-488, October.
    6. Sedarage, Dayani & Fujiwara, Okitsugu & Trung Luong, Huynh, 1999. "Determining optimal order splitting and reorder level for N-supplier inventory systems," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 116(2), pages 389-404, July.
    7. Burke, Gerard J. & Carrillo, Janice E. & Vakharia, Asoo J., 2007. "Single versus multiple supplier sourcing strategies," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 182(1), pages 95-112, October.
    8. Kull, Thomas & Closs, David, 2008. "The risk of second-tier supplier failures in serial supply chains: Implications for order policies and distributor autonomy," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 186(3), pages 1158-1174, May.
    9. Berger, Paul D. & Gerstenfeld, Arthur & Zeng, Amy Z., 2004. "How many suppliers are best? A decision-analysis approach," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 9-15, February.
    10. Swift, Cathy Owens, 1995. "Preferences for single sourcing and supplier selection criteria," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 105-111, February.
    11. Tang, Christopher & Tomlin, Brian, 2008. "The power of flexibility for mitigating supply chain risks," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 116(1), pages 12-27, November.
    12. Brian Tomlin, 2006. "On the Value of Mitigation and Contingency Strategies for Managing Supply Chain Disruption Risks," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 52(5), pages 639-657, May.
    13. Yu, Haisheng & Zeng, Amy Z. & Zhao, Lindu, 2009. "Single or dual sourcing: decision-making in the presence of supply chain disruption risks," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 788-800, August.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:
    1. Eng, Shao Wei Lester & Chew, Ek Peng & Lee, Loo Hay, 2014. "Impacts of supplier knowledge sharing competences and production capacities on radical innovative product sourcing," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 232(1), pages 41-51.
    2. Laslo, Zohar & Gurevich, Gregory & Keren, Baruch, 2009. "Economic distribution of budget among producers for fulfilling orders under delivery chance constraints," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 122(2), pages 656-662, December.
    3. Song, Dong-Ping & Dong, Jing-Xin & Xu, Jingjing, 2014. "Integrated inventory management and supplier base reduction in a supply chain with multiple uncertainties," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 232(3), pages 522-536.
    4. Meena, P.L. & Sarmah, S.P. & Sarkar, A., 2011. "Sourcing decisions under risks of catastrophic event disruptions," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 47(6), pages 1058-1074.
    5. Blome, Constantin & Schoenherr, Tobias, 2011. "Supply chain risk management in financial crises--A multiple case-study approach," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 134(1), pages 43-57, November.

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