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Import substitution and economic growth

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  • Rodrigues, Mauro

Abstract

Despite Latin America's dismal performance between the 1950s and 1980s, the region experienced strong capital deepening. We suggest that these facts can be explained as a consequence of the restrictive trade regime adopted at that time. Our framework is based on a dynamic Heckscher-Ohlin model, with scale economies in the capital-intensive sector. Initially, the economy is open and produces only the labor-intensive good. The trade regime is modeled as a move to a closed economy. The model produces results consistent with the Latin American experience. Specifically, a sufficiently small country experiences no long-run income growth, but an increase in capital.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Monetary Economics.

Volume (Year): 57 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 (March)
Pages: 175-188

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Handle: RePEc:eee:moneco:v:57:y:2010:i:2:p:175-188

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505566

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Keywords: Trade policy Growth Latin America;

References

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  1. Escola de Verão - parte II
    by Thomas H. Kang in Oikomania on 2012-02-13 22:36:00
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Cited by:
  1. Desmet, Klaus & Parente, Stephen, 2006. "Bigger is Better: Market Size, Demand Elasticity and Resistance to Technology Adoption," CEPR Discussion Papers 5825, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  2. Klaus Desmet & Stephen L. Parente, 2006. "Market Size, Trade, and the Resistance to the Adoption of Better Technology," 2006 Meeting Papers 264, Society for Economic Dynamics.

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