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Fat city: Questioning the relationship between urban sprawl and obesity

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  • Eid, Jean
  • Overman, Henry G.
  • Puga, Diego
  • Turner, Matthew A.

Abstract

We study the relationship between urban sprawl and obesity. Using data that tracks individuals over time, we find no evidence that urban sprawl causes obesity. We show that previous findings of a positive relationship most likely reflect a failure to properly control for the fact the individuals who are more likely to be obese choose to live in more sprawling neighborhoods. Our results indicate that current interest in changing the built environment to counter the rise in obesity is misguided.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Urban Economics.

Volume (Year): 63 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 (March)
Pages: 385-404

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Handle: RePEc:eee:juecon:v:63:y:2008:i:2:p:385-404

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622905

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Keywords: Urban sprawl Obesity Selection effects;

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References

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  1. Heckman, James J. & Urzua, Sergio & Vytlacil, Edward, 2006. "Understanding Instrumental Variables in Models with Essential Heterogeneity," IZA Discussion Papers 2320, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Shapiro, Jesse & Glaeser, Edward & Cutler, David, 2003. "Why Have Americans Become More Obese," Scholarly Articles 2640583, Harvard University Department of Economics.
  3. Patrick Bayer & Fernando Ferreira & Robert McMillan, 2007. "A Unified Framework for Measuring Preferences for Schools and Neighborhoods," Working Papers, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau 07-27, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
  4. Chou, Shin-Yi & Grossman, Michael & Saffer, Henry, 2004. "An economic analysis of adult obesity: results from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 565-587, May.
  5. Darius Lakdawalla & Tomas Philipson, 2002. "The Growth of Obesity and Technological Change: A Theoretical and Empirical Examination," Working Papers, Harris School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago 0203, Harris School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago.
  6. Marcy Burchfield & Henry G. Overman & Diego Puga & Matthew A. Turner, 2005. "Causes of sprawl: A portrait from space," Working Papers, University of Toronto, Department of Economics tecipa-192, University of Toronto, Department of Economics.
  7. Durlauf,S.N., 2003. "Neighborhood effects," Working papers, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems 17, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
  8. John Cawley, 2004. "The Impact of Obesity on Wages," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 39(2).
  9. Glaeser, Edward L. & Kahn, Matthew E., 2004. "Sprawl and urban growth," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier, in: J. V. Henderson & J. F. Thisse (ed.), Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, edition 1, volume 4, chapter 56, pages 2481-2527 Elsevier.
  10. Andrew J. Plantinga & Stephanie Bernell, 2007. "The Association Between Urban Sprawl And Obesity: Is It A Two-Way Street?," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(5), pages 857-879.
  11. Thomas MaCurdy & Thomas Mroz & R. Mark Gritz, 1998. "An Evaluation of the National Longitudinal Survey on Youth," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 33(2), pages 345-436.
  12. Patricia M. Anderson & Kristin F. Butcher & Phillip B. Levine, 2002. "Maternal employment and overweight children," Working Paper Series, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago WP-02-10, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  13. Darius Lakdawalla & Tomas Philipson & Jay Bhattacharya, 2005. "Welfare-Enhancing Technological Change and the Growth of Obesity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, American Economic Association, vol. 95(2), pages 253-257, May.
  14. Combes, Pierre-Philippe & Duranton, Gilles & Gobillon, Laurent, 2004. "Spatial Wage Disparities: Sorting Matters!," CEPR Discussion Papers, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers 4240, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  15. David Cutler & Edward Glaeser & Jesse Shapiro, 2003. "Why Have Americans Become More Obese?," NBER Working Papers 9446, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  16. Patrick Bayer & Robert McMillan, 2005. "Racial Sorting and Neighborhood Quality," NBER Working Papers 11813, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  17. Duncan Black & Vernon Henderson, 1997. "Urban Growth," NBER Working Papers 6008, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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Blog mentions

As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
  1. The Chronicle of Higher Education Offers Articles on Sprawl's Bad Effects and on University President Pay
    by Matthew E. Kahn in Environmental and Urban Economics on 2012-01-25 22:32:00
  2. Urban Vibrancy and Shrinking the Household Carbon Footprint from Transportation
    by Matthew E. Kahn in Legal Planet on 2012-03-24 00:04:05
  3. Urban Form and Public Health
    by Matthew E. Kahn in Legal Planet on 2012-01-26 03:16:54
  4. Urban Vibrancy and Shrinking the Household Carbon Footprint from Transportation
    by Matthew E. Kahn in Legal Planet on 2012-03-24 00:04:05
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