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Significant issuance date returns in seasoned equity offerings: An options-based resolution of a puzzle

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  • Aggarwal, Raj
  • Zhao, Xinlei

Abstract

The significant negative issuance day returns associated with seasoned equity offerings (SEOs) have been a puzzle. In this paper we provide two explanations for this empirical regularity. First, using an option-based argument, we contend that issuance day returns are negative because of SEO related declines in volatility that reduce the option value of equity. Our empirical examination of US SEOs between 1983 and 2003 strongly supports this contention. Second, we find that the negative issuance date return is also related to market liquidity around the issuance date. Our findings are robust to various sub-samples and the uncertainty resolution argument, and are not driven by SEO buy-sell order imbalances.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal International Review of Financial Analysis.

Volume (Year): 17 (2008)
Issue (Month): 5 (December)
Pages: 793-804

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Handle: RePEc:eee:finana:v:17:y:2008:i:5:p:793-804

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/620166

Related research

Keywords: G14 G24 G31 G32 Seasoned equity issues SEOs Equity financing Corporate finance Options Investment banking Valuation Liquidity;

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References

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  1. Eckbo, B. Espen & Masulis, Ronald W., 1992. "Adverse selection and the rights offer paradox," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 293-332, December.
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  9. Korajczyk, Robert A & Lucas, Deborah J & McDonald, Robert L, 1991. "The Effect of Information Releases on the Pricing and Timing of Equity Issues," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 4(4), pages 685-708.
  10. Kalay, Avner & Shimrat, Adam, 1987. "Firm value and seasoned equity issues : Price pressure, wealth redistribution, or negative information," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(1), pages 109-126, September.
  11. Mikkelson, Wayne H. & Partch, M. Megan, 1986. "Valuation effects of security offerings and the issuance process," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(1-2), pages 31-60.
  12. Kogan, Leonid, 2004. "Asset prices and real investment," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(3), pages 411-431, September.
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