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Availibility of renewable energy sources in Turkey: Current situation, potential, government policies and the EU perspective

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  • Baris, Kemal
  • Kucukali, Serhat
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    Abstract

    This study aims to explore the availability and potential of renewable energy sources in Turkey as well as assessing related government policies, financial and environmental aspects of renewable energy projects. Turkey is a country which has the highest hydropower, wind and geothermal energy potential among European countries. As a European Union (EU) candidate several incentives were developed in Turkey for electricity generation from renewable energy sources by the enactment of Law No. 5346 in 2005 which was later restructured by Law No. 6094 in 2010. The most important ones are: ease of land acquisition and feed-in-tariffs which promise purchasing of electricity generated and domestic manufacturing of equipment by the private companies with a price of 5.30–9.69 and 0.3–2.55€c/kWh, respectively, depending on the type of the renewable and the equipment. However, feed-in tariff amounts take reservoir area into account instead of installed capacity for hydroelectric power plants. Moreover, Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) report is not mandatory for all renewable energy plants. According to the multi-criteria analysis tool developed in this study to evaluate the renewable energy source (RES) technologies the most appropriate renewable energy alternative for Turkey is biomass, simply because of the highest social benefit among others.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421511009943
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

    Volume (Year): 42 (2012)
    Issue (Month): C ()
    Pages: 377-391

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:42:y:2012:i:c:p:377-391

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enpol

    Related research

    Keywords: Renewable energy; EU policy; Turkey;

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    Cited by:
    1. Saysel, Ali Kerem & Hekimoğlu, Mustafa, 2013. "Exploring the options for carbon dioxide mitigation in Turkish electric power industry: System dynamics approach," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 675-686.
    2. Batman, Alp & Bagriyanik, F. Gul & Aygen, Z. Elif & Gül, Ömer & Bagriyanik, Mustafa, 2012. "A feasibility study of grid-connected photovoltaic systems in Istanbul, Turkey," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 16(8), pages 5678-5686.
    3. Akman, Ugur & Okay, Esin & Okay, Nesrin, 2013. "Current snapshot of the Turkish ESCO market," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 106-115.
    4. Gülden Bölük, 2013. "Renewable Energy: Policy Issues and Economic Implications in Turkey," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 3(2), pages 153-167.
    5. Ari, İzzet, 2013. "Voluntary emission trading potential of Turkey," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 910-919.

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