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Assessment of small hydropower (SHP) development in Turkey: Laws, regulations and EU policy perspective


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  • Kucukali, Serhat
  • Baris, Kemal
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    This paper aims to evaluate the development of small hydropower (SHP) in Turkey and discusses the current situation of SHP plants in terms of government policy, economical aspects and environmental impacts taking EU policy into account. The laws published in recent years in Turkey succeeded in promoting the utilization of renewable energy for electricity generation, but it is considered that those laws are not fully compatible with EU policy. After the publication of Renewable Energy Law (Law No. 5346) there occurred a boost in SHP project along with hydropower development. Thus, the hydropower potential of Turkey increased 15% and the construction of hydropower plants also increased by a factor of four in 2007 as compared to 2006. Investment and operating costs are in favor of SHP development in Turkey as having the lowest costs among European countries (300-1000 [euro]/kW as investment cost and 1 [euro]cent/kWh as operating cost). Turkish governments have taken precautions for environmental issues resulted from renewable energy utilization but these are obviously not adequate. It is concluded that more attention must be paid on environmental issues and monitoring of the facilities must be enabled with further laws or regulations.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

    Volume (Year): 37 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 10 (October)
    Pages: 3872-3879

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:37:y:2009:i:10:p:3872-3879

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    Keywords: Turkey renewable energy law Small hydropower European Union;


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    1. Erdogdu, Erkan, 2007. "Regulatory reform in Turkish energy industry: An analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(2), pages 984-993, February.
    2. Ringel, Marc, 2006. "Fostering the use of renewable energies in the European Union: the race between feed-in tariffs and green certificates," Renewable Energy, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 1-17.
    3. Punys, Petras & Pelikan, Bernhard, 2007. "Review of small hydropower in the new Member States and Candidate Countries in the context of the enlarged European Union," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 11(7), pages 1321-1360, September.
    4. Reiche, Danyel & Bechberger, Mischa, 2004. "Policy differences in the promotion of renewable energies in the EU member states," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(7), pages 843-849, May.
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    Cited by:
    1. Erdogdu, Erkan, 2011. "An analysis of Turkish hydropower policy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(1), pages 689-696, January.
    2. Kotcio─člu, ─░., 2011. "Clean and sustainable energy policies in Turkey," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(9), pages 5111-5119.
    3. Kucukali, Serhat, 2010. "Hydropower potential of municipal water supply dams in Turkey: A case study in Ulutan Dam," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(11), pages 6534-6539, November.
    4. Serhat, Kucukali, 2011. "Risk assessment of river-type hydropower plants using fuzzy logic approach," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(10), pages 6683-6688, October.


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