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Electric vehicles: The role and importance of standards in an emerging market

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Author Info

  • Brown, Stephen
  • Pyke, David
  • Steenhof, Paul
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    Abstract

    After nearly a century with the internal combustion engine dominating the personal transportation sector, it now appears that the electric vehicle is on the verge of experiencing rapid growth in both developed and developing vehicle markets. The broad-scale adoption of the electric vehicle could bring significant changes for society in terms of not only the technologies we use for personal transportation, but also moving our economies away from petroleum and lessoning the environmental footprint of transportation. This article investigates the role of standards, related training and certification for the electric vehicle. It is argued that the potential for the electric vehicle will be stunted without adequate attention being paid to standards, not only in terms of the speed of its uptake and smoothness of this transition, but also in terms of maintaining compatibility between jurisdictions, safety of the public, and helping to ensure environmental sustainability. We highlight a number of areas where new or adaptations of current standards, training and certification may be needed, notably in terms of batteries and charging infrastructures, electricity distribution and accounting for the environmental characteristics of this electricity, and different aspects of vehicle-to-grid and smart grid technologies.

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    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/B6V2W-4YM7N23-2/2/319718f276ec2477d317029163fd25df
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

    Volume (Year): 38 (2010)
    Issue (Month): 7 (July)
    Pages: 3797-3806

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    Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:7:p:3797-3806

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    Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enpol

    Related research

    Keywords: Electric vehicles Vehicle-to-grid Standards;

    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Andersen, Poul H. & Mathews, John A. & Rask, Morten, 2009. "Integrating private transport into renewable energy policy: The strategy of creating intelligent recharging grids for electric vehicles," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(7), pages 2481-2486, July.
    2. Bradley, Thomas H. & Frank, Andrew A., 2009. "Design, demonstrations and sustainability impact assessments for plug-in hybrid electric vehicles," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 13(1), pages 115-128, January.
    3. Sovacool, Benjamin K. & Hirsh, Richard F., 2009. "Beyond batteries: An examination of the benefits and barriers to plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and a vehicle-to-grid (V2G) transition," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 1095-1103, March.
    4. McDonald, Jim, 2008. "Adaptive intelligent power systems: Active distribution networks," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(12), pages 4346-4351, December.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:
    1. Kley, Fabian & Lerch, Christian & Dallinger, David, 2011. "New business models for electric cars--A holistic approach," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(6), pages 3392-3403, June.
    2. Shamsunnahar Khanam & Yuzuru Miyata, 2012. "New Industrial Structure Coping With The Economic Impacts Of Shifting Production To Battery-Based Electric Vehicles In Toyohashi City In Japan-A Cge Modeling Approach-," Regional Science Inquiry, Hellenic Association of Regional Scientists, vol. 0(3), pages 105-125, December.
    3. Rao, Zhonghao & Wang, Shuangfeng, 2011. "A review of power battery thermal energy management," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(9), pages 4554-4571.
    4. Yanshan Yu & Jin Yang & Bin Chen, 2012. "The Smart Grids in China—A Review," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(5), pages 1321-1338, May.
    5. Zhou, Guanghui & Ou, Xunmin & Zhang, Xiliang, 2013. "Development of electric vehicles use in China: A study from the perspective of life-cycle energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 875-884.
    6. repec:hrs:journl::y:2012:v:4:i:3:p:105-125 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Kranz, Johann & Picot, Arnold & Roemer, Benedikt, 2011. "Unlocking the potential of the smart metering technology: How can regulation level the playing-field for new services in smart grids?," 22nd European Regional ITS Conference, Budapest 2011: Innovative ICT Applications - Emerging Regulatory, Economic and Policy Issues 52183, International Telecommunications Society (ITS).
    8. Wilkerson, Jordan & Larsen, Peter & Barbose, Galen, 2014. "Survey of Western U.S. electric utility resource plans," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 90-103.
    9. Tietze, Frank & Schiederig, Tim & Herstatt, Cornelius, 2011. "Firms' transition towards green product service system innovators," Working Papers 62, Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Institute for Technology and Innovation Management.
    10. Jordi Perdiguero & Juan Luis Jiménez, 2012. "“Policy options for the promotion of electric vehicles: a review”," IREA Working Papers 201208, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised Mar 2012.

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