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China's oil use, 1990-2008

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  • Leung, Guy C.K.

Abstract

Over the past two decades, China's oil demand has risen steeply. In 1990, it was only about 25% higher than that of 1978, the year economic reform was introduced. By 2008, it had reached 396.0 million tons, roughly four times the 1978 level, making China the second largest oil user worldwide. The country became a net oil importer in 1993, and between 1993 and 2008, its net import dependency--a yardstick for energy security--soared from 7.5% to 50.0%. China's increased demand for oil has made the country a global energy player of critical importance. Although the literature on the global implications of China's oil use has proliferated, relatively few studies have attempted to examine "how China uses oil." Hence, this study covers every oil-consuming facility and sector in China, exploring the patterns of, and factors involved in, oil demand by power plants, oil refineries, heat plants and, gas-works, and industrial, transport, agricultural, household and commercial sectors. It concludes that in virtually all sectors in China, oil demand will grow, with transport and industry leading the way.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

Volume (Year): 38 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 (February)
Pages: 932-944

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Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:38:y:2010:i:2:p:932-944

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enpol

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Keywords: Oil Sectoral consumption China;

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Cited by:
  1. Rattaphon Wuthisatian, 2014. "Government Resource Subsidy and its Spillover Effects: Evidence from the Excessive Oil Consumption in China," Eurasian Journal of Economics and Finance, Eurasian Publications, vol. 2(1), pages 1-12.
  2. Liu, Wen & Lund, Henrik & Mathiesen, Brian Vad, 2013. "Modelling the transport system in China and evaluating the current strategies towards the sustainable transport development," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 347-357.
  3. Xia, X.H. & Huang, G.T. & Chen, G.Q. & Zhang, Bo & Chen, Z.M. & Yang, Q., 2011. "Energy security, efficiency and carbon emission of Chinese industry," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(6), pages 3520-3528, June.
  4. Li, Raymond & Leung, Guy C.K., 2011. "The integration of China into the world crude oil market since 1998," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 39(9), pages 5159-5166, September.
  5. Raymond Li & Guy C.K. Leung, 2012. "Gasoline consumption in China: a dynamic panel data analysis," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 32(3), pages 2375-2382.
  6. Jian Chai & Shubin Wang & Shouyang Wang & Ju’e Guo, 2012. "Demand Forecast of Petroleum Product Consumption in the Chinese Transportation Industry," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(3), pages 577-598, March.

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