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White certificate schemes: Economic analysis and interactions with the EU ETS

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Author Info

  • Sorrell, Steve
  • Harrison, David
  • Radov, Daniel
  • Klevnas, Per
  • Foss, Andrew

Abstract

This paper examines the economic, environmental and distributional impacts of an idealised tradable white certificate (TWC) scheme and shows how the impacts are modified when the scheme operates in parallel with the EU emissions trading scheme (EU ETS). It uses simple graphical techniques to assess whether a TWC scheme will increase, decrease or have an ambiguous effect on electricity demand, wholesale and retail electricity prices, carbon emissions and investment in energy efficiency, paying particular attention to the interpretation of 'additionality'. Following a comparable analysis of the impact of the EU ETS, the paper examines the implications of introducing a white certificate scheme in a country that is already participating in the EU ETS. It compares the effect of this combination of instruments to that of the EU ETS operating in isolation. It concludes that there is no necessary link between the price of white certificates and marginal cost of energy efficiency investment, the price of electricity or the ability of the suppliers to eliminate free riders from their subsidy schemes. Also, a TWC scheme will make no contribution to reducing global carbon emissions unless and until it leads to a tightening of the EU ETS cap.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy Policy.

Volume (Year): 37 (2009)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
Pages: 29-42

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Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:37:y:2009:i:1:p:29-42

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/enpol

Related research

Keywords: White certificate schemes Emissions trading Policy interaction;

References

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  1. Palmer, Karen & Newell, Richard & Gillingham, Kenneth, 2004. "Retrospective Examination of Demand-side Energy-efficiency Policies," Discussion Papers dp-04-19, Resources For the Future.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. repec:hal:ciredw:hal-00866439 is not listed on IDEAS
  2. repec:hal:wpaper:hal-00866439 is not listed on IDEAS
  3. Thema, Johannes & Suerkemper, Felix & Grave, Katharina & Amelung, Adrian, 2013. "The impact of electricity demand reduction policies on the EU-ETS: Modelling electricity and carbon prices and the effect on industrial competitiveness," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 656-666.
  4. Clò, Stefano & Battles, Susan & Zoppoli, Pietro, 2013. "Policy options to improve the effectiveness of the EU emissions trading system: A multi-criteria analysis," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 477-490.
  5. Oskar Lecuyer & Ruben Bibas, 2011. "Combining Climate and Energy Policies: Synergies or Antagonism? Modeling Interactions With Energy Efficiency Instruments," Working Papers 2011.98, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei.
  6. Hull, David & Ó Gallachóir, Brian P. & Walker, Neil, 2009. "Development of a modelling framework in response to new European energy-efficiency regulatory obligations: The Irish experience," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(12), pages 5363-5375, December.
  7. Wittmann, Nadine, 2013. "A critical microeconomic analysis of modelling the interaction of WCTS and EU ETS," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 840-843.
  8. Oskar Lecuyer & Ruben Bibas, 2011. "Combining climate and energy policies: synergies or antagonisms?," Post-Print hal-00801917, HAL.
  9. repec:hal:wpaper:hal-00866422 is not listed on IDEAS

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