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Decomposition of hours based on extensive and intensive margins of labor

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  • Chang, Yongsung
  • Kwark, Noh-Sun

Abstract

We decompose underlying disturbances in total hours into three kinds: disturbances that shift the steady-state level of hours, those that change the sectoral composition of employment in the long-run, and those that cause temporary movement of hours around the steady-state. Our identifying restriction exploits the distinctive nature of the two margins of labor: employment and hours per worker. According to the variance decompostion from a VAR based on Post-War U.S. monthly data, we find that disturbances which eventually shift the steady-state level of hours account for three-quarters of cyclical fluctuation in aggregate hours. This challenges the commonly used restriction of constant hours along the balanced growth path in the business cycle literature. Further, we do not find a significant role for sectoral reallocation shocks in the cyclical fluctuation of hours.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Economics Letters.

Volume (Year): 72 (2001)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
Pages: 361-367

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Handle: RePEc:eee:ecolet:v:72:y:2001:i:3:p:361-367

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/ecolet

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Yongsung Chang & Joao Gomes & Frank Schorfheide, 2000. "Persistence," Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers 1632, Econometric Society.
  2. Jens Larsen & Katharine Neiss & Fergal Shortall, 2002. "Factor utilisation and productivity estimates for the United Kingdom," Bank of England working papers 162, Bank of England.
  3. Petri Böckerman & Markus Jäntti, 2005. "Is Variation in Hours of Work Driven by Supply or Demand? Evidence from Finnish Manufacturing Industries," Labor and Demography 0505012, EconWPA.
  4. Temel Taskin, 2013. "Intensive Margin and Extensive Margin Adjustments of Labor Market : Turkey versus United States," Working Papers 1339, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.

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